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Edit K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3333)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3333

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    Videotape testimony of Edit K., who was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1929, an only child. She recounts her grandfather's political career; warm relations with her grandmother; attending a German school; German occupation; learning she was Jewish due to anti-Jewish restrictions; her parents sending her to live with friends in a village for a year; returning home; attending a Jewish school; participating in athletics led by Fredy Hirsch; her parents' futile efforts to emigrate; learning her father's brother had reached Palestine; writing a diary that she still has; her grandparents' deportation to Theresienstadt, then her's and her parents a few months later; learning her grandfather had died; living in a children's barrack; visiting her parents, grandmother, and other relatives; receiving packages from her uncle's non-Jewish wife; many deaths from disease; attending classes, including those of artist Friedl Dicker; participating in musical performances; observances of Jewish holidays, a first for her; transfer to Auschwitz in late 1943; separation from her father; horror when her mother suggested they commit suicide; assignment with her parents to the family camp; her father's death in February 1944; Fredy Hirsch organizing the children's barrack; assisting with the younger children; transfer with her mother to Friehafen (Hamburg); slave labor in a munitions factory; and clearing rubble from Allied bombings.

    Ms. K. recalls contacts with Italian, French, and Yugoslav POWs who helped them; transfer to Neugraben; sneaking food from the ruins; transfer to Tiefstak; assignment to a brick factory; finding cigarettes they could trade for food; a civilian worker who had known her grandfather bringing them food and clothing; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; pervasive death; observing cannibalism; liberation by British troops; working as an interpreter; her mother's death; returning to Prague; reunion with her aunt and grandmother; resuming her education; marriage; and the births of three children. She discusses the importance of friendships to her survival; inability to feel happy for many years due to her experiences; her daughter's death; her sons' lack of interest in her experiences; visiting Theresienstadt; inclusion of drawings she made in Theresienstadt in exhibits in Prague and at Yad Vashem; remembering Auschwitz and Belsen through her sense of smell; and believing no one can imagine the camps if they have not smelled them nor starvation if they have not experienced it.
    K., Edit, 1929-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
    Interview Date
    February 28, March 24, and May 15, 1992.
    Prague (Czech Republic)
    Cite As
    Edit K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3333). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    3 videorecordings (11 hr., 4 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Identification (Religion) Mothers and daughters. Fathers and daughters. Grandparent and child. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Concentration camp inmates--Family relationships. Concentration camp inmates--Religious life. Forced labor. Prisoners of war--Italy. Prisoners of war--Germany. Prisoners of war--France. Prisoners of war--Yugoslavia. Friendship. Cannibalism. Czechoslovakia. Prague (Czech Republic) Oral histories (document genres) K., Edit,--1929- Hirsch, Fredy,--1916-1944. Dicker, Friedl,--1898-1944. Theresienstadt (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp) Neugraben (Concentration camp) Hamburg-Tiefstack (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:51:00
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