Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Rivka K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3342) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3342

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward


    Videotape testimony of Rivka K., who was born in Rzeszów, Poland, in 1920, one of two children. She recounts her family's Zionism; attending Hebrew schools; participating in Zionist youth groups; her family's move to Kraków in 1933; attending a Hebrew gymnasium; participating in Ha-No'ar ha-Ivri-Akiba led by Yoel Dreiblatt; antisemitic harassment; working for Akiba in Warsaw; being sent to establish Akiba in Bydgoszcz, Skarżysko, and Starachowice; assisting German-Jewish refugees in Zbąszyń; returning to Kraków as a leader with Shimon Draenger, Adolf Liebeskind (Dolek) and others; engagement to Liebeskind in January 1939; German invasion; Germans closing her father's factory; anti-Jewish restrictions; Draenger's arrest and release; marriage in December; traveling to Warsaw to destroy all the Akiba documents; working on a Polish farm with other Akiba members in spring 1940; ghettoization in Kraków; she and her husband bringing their parents to the ghetto; and obtaining housing through her husband's connections with the Judenrat; establishing a farm in another town with support from the Joint; traveling to other ghettos using false papers to maintain Akiba contacts; organizing Jewish resistance on the farm; working in a warehouse, then as a nurse; deportations; obtaining weapons; blowing up railroad tracks with Hashomer Hatzair; many near-arrests when traveling to Wiśnicz, Sandomierz, Mielec and other places; hiding briefly with her former maid; having two abortions; arrest; beatings during interrogations; and Akiba members helping each other.

    Ms. K. recalls deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; slave labor demolishing nearby houses; others assisting her when she was too weak to walk; a friend arranging her assignment to the Canada Kommando; sharing extra food and clothing with others; contact with Akiba members in the men's camp; learning her husband had been killed; losing hope, knowing her parents and brother were also dead; learning of the underground; being sent to the “punishment” block; friends arranging her transfer to the hospital as a nurse; sneaking herself into a transport to Reichenbach; slave labor in a factory; sabotaging the work; a German civilian supervisor giving her food; a higher ranking prisoner taking measure to save weak women; a death march, then train transport to Parschnitz; working as a maid in another camp; train transport to Ludwigslust; Allied bombings; transfer to Bergen-Belsen, then Hamburg; transfer to the Red Cross; transport to Copenhagen, then Helsingborg; participating in Hechaulutz; organizing a youth kibbutz in Myckelby; members emigrating to Palestine; traveling to Belgium and Paris, where she met her father's siblings; illegal emigration from Marseille to Palestine in 1947; interdiction by the British; incarceration on Cyprus; participating in Haganah; digging tunnels and escaping through them; arrival in Israel; marriage; and the birth of her son. Ms. K. discusses the importance of support from others for survival in camps; health problems resulting from her experiences; observing Jewish holidays in camps; and testifying for a ghetto official who had been accused of collaboration. She names many of those with whom she interacted and describes many episodes.
    K., Rivka, 1920-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
    Interview Date
    May 21, 1992.
    Rzeszów (Poland)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Bydgoszcz (Poland)
    Zbąszyń (Poland)
    Sandomierz (Poland)
    Mielec (Poland)
    Skarżysko-Kamienna (Poland)
    Starachowice (Poland)
    Nowy Wiśnicz (Poland)
    Hamburg (Germany)
    Copenhagen (Denmark)
    Helsingborg (Sweden)
    Myckelby (Sweden)
    Paris (France)
    Marseille (France)
    Cite As
    Rivka K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3342). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Beyrak, Nathan, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (8 hr., 14 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    False papers.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Concentration camps Underground movements.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar effects.
    Postwar experiences.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Poland--Kraków. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German. Forced labor. Jewish councils. Sabotage. Abortion. Concentration camps--Songs and music. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Concentration camp inmates--Religious life. Poland. Rzeszów (Poland) Kraków (Poland) Warsaw (Poland) Bydgoszcz (Poland) Zbąszyń (Poland) Sandomierz (Poland) Mielec (Poland) Skarżysko-Kamienna (Poland) Starachowice (Poland) Nowy Wiśnicz (Poland) Hamburg (Germany) Copenhagen (Denmark) Helsingborg (Sweden) Myckelby (Sweden) Belgium. Paris (France) Marseille (France) Cyprus. Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Oral histories (document genres) K., Rivka,--1920- Dranger, Shimshon. Liebeskind, Adolf,--1912-1942. Dreiblatt, Yoel. World Hashomer Hatzair. American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Parschnitz (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Ludwigslust (Concentration camp) Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp) International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Hechalutz (Organization) Haganah (Organization)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:53:00
    This page:

    Additional Resources

    Librarian View

    Download & Licensing

    • Terms of Use
    • This record is digitized but cannot be downloaded online.

    In-Person Research

    Request Access from Yale University Libraries

    Contact Us