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Simcha B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3343) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3343

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    Videotape testimony of Simcha B., who was born in Izbica, Poland in 1912, one of six children. He recalls attending public school; working in a pharmacy; serving in the Polish army; moving to Warsaw in 1938; German invasion; returning with his sister to Izbica; one brother fleeing to the Soviet zone; traveling to Volodymyr-Volynsʹkyĭ in the Soviet zone; returning to retrieve his sister; not being able to leave; forced labor cleaning roads; his father's deportation (he never saw him again); hiding during round-ups; his sisters' and mother's deportations; transfer to a labor camp for two months; returning home; deportation with his remaining family to Sobibór; volunteering as a pharmacist with his brother; assisting fellow prisoners; public execution of randomly chosen prisoners after escapes; poisoning a kapo who endangered their escape plans; acquiring and hiding weapons; mass shooting of men whose escape plan was discovered; arrival of a prisoner who was a Soviet officer; his organizing an escape; finding his brother after the escape (hundreds of the escapees were killed); hiding in a forest near Izbica, then with a Polish friend; leaving when warned that members of the AK were looking for them; hiding with another Polish friend; liberation by Soviet troops; return of his other brother from the Soviet Union; traveling to Zamość via Krasnystaw; marriage to a woman he met in Sobibór; arrest by the AK; release by Soviets; his son's birth; his wife, brother and sister-in-law traveling illegally to Germany; joining them; living in Berlin, then Heidenheim displaced persons camps; a visit by David Ben-Gurion; and emigration to Israel. Mr. B. describes life in Sobibór; the arrival of transports including killings on the unloading ramp; and participating in war crimes trials of Sobibór officials, including Gustav Wagner, Karl Frenzel, Franz Wolf, and Hubert Gomerski.
    B., Simcha, 1912-2014.
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
    Interview Date
    May 13, 1992.
    Izbica Lubelska (Poland)
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Volodymyr-Volynsʹkyĭ (Ukraine)
    Zamość (Poland)
    Krasnystaw (Poland)
    Cite As
    Simcha B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3343). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Beyrak, Nathan, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related material: Philip B. Holocaust testimony [brother] (HVT-198), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Philip B. Holocaust testimony [brother] (HVT-2703), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (3 hr., 41 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Concentration camps Underground movements.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Antisemitism Postwar.
    Mass killings.
    Postwar experiences.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Polish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. Forced labor. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Prisoners of war--Poland. Brothers. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Poland. Escapes. Refugee camps. War crime trials--Germany. Poland. Izbica Lubelska (Poland) Warsaw (Poland) Volodymyr-Volynsʹkyĭ (Ukraine) Zamość (Poland) Krasnystaw (Poland) Oral histories (document genres) B., Simcha,--1912-2014. Ben-Gurion, David,--1886-1973. Wagner, Gustav,--1911-1980. Frenzel, Karl. Gomerski, Hubert. Sobibór (Concentration camp) Poland.--Polskie Siły Zbrojne.--Armia Krajowa.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:25:00
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