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Rachel K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3372)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3372

Videotape testimony of Rachel K., who was born in Sokoły, Poland in approximately 1921, one of two children. She recounts attending a Polish public school; antisemitic harassment; attending a Jewish gymnasium in Białystok; German invasion; Soviet occupation a week later; moving to Białystok; her father and brother fleeing to Vilna; she and her mother joining them; her father living in another town due to his immigrant status (she never saw him again); German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced labor cleaning German soldiers' quarters; ghettoization; hiding during round-ups; her mother arranging for them to be smuggled to the Białystok ghetto; the Judenrat finding them a room and work; attending a meeting led by the Judenrat head, Ephraim Barash; escaping from a work group in Łapy; hiding with a Polish friend; warning her uncle in Sokoły to hide; escaping a round-up; hiding with a Polish family who gave her their daughter's papers; sneaking back to the Białystok ghetto; leaving again to arrange her family's escape; a round-up in August 1943; hiding in a bunker with her mother, brother, and others for two weeks; capture; escaping with her mother and brother; hiding in an attic; Poles helping them leave the ghetto; help from other Poles in nearby villages; building a bunker in the forest for the winter; moving in the spring; her brother's capture and murder; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Białystok; encountering Polish antisemitism; working in a school for Jewish orphans; moving to Sokoły; reporting her brother's killers and testifying against them for revenge; their kibbutz moving to Walbrzych, Legnica, then Ulm displaced persons camp; attending a Dror seminar in Indersdorf; and emigration with her mother to Israel in 1948. Ms. K. sings a Yiddish song from the ghetto.

Author/Creator
K., Rachel, 1921?-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
June 25, 1992.
Locale
Lithuania
Vilnius
Poland
Białystok
Sokoły (Łomża, Poland)
Białystok (Poland)
Vilnius (Lithuania)
Łapy (Poland)
Wałbrzych (Poland)
Legnica (Poland)
Indersdorf (Germany)
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Rachel K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3372). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.