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Arthur P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3478)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3478

Videotape testimony of Arthur P., who was born in Berlin, Germany in 1912, one of three children. He recounts his father's military service in World War I; attending a Jewish school ; participating in leftist youth groups; apprenticing as a merchant in 1928; non-Jewish friends shunning him starting in 1933; his sister's emigration to Australia and his brother's to Holland,and later Palestine; working for a Jewish social welfare organization where he met Recha Freier, a founder of Youth Aliyah; escorting kindertransports to Denmark and Sweden; Kristallnacht; leading a hachsharah in Havelberg then Neuendorf; returning to Berlin; working with abused youth, then in a dye factory; round-up from the factory to Maobit prison (he never saw his parents again) in February 1943; deportation to Auschwitz; assignment to Buna/Monowitz; slave labor in the factory; public executions; meeting friends from hachsharah who obtained a privileged position for him as a typist; hiding friends during selections; friendship with Fred D., whose brother was publicly executed; working in the infirmary; a death march to Gleiwitz, then train transfer to Buchenwald; liberation by United States troops; returning to Berlin; working for Werner Hilpert, a non-Jewish, former Buchenwald prisoner; moving to Fulda; establishing Kibbutz Buchenwald in Geringshof; assistance from UNRRA; visiting friends in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp; working with Beriḥah to assist Jews migrating to Palestine; his emigration to Israel in July 1948; one-year service during the Israeli-Arab War; marriage to a survivor; their son's birth; and testifying in the Frankfurt war crime trials. Mr. P. discusses the importance of friends and not facing reality to his survival; the camp hierarchy and relations between nationalities; and pervasive painful memories.

Author/Creator
P., Arthur, 1912-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
September 15, 1992.
Language
German
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Arthur P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3478). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297617
Record last modified: 2016-11-30 13:34:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4297617