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Yorgan L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3490) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3490

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Yorgan L., who was born in Berlin, Germany in 1925. He recounts his father serving in World War I; attending Jewish school; anti-Jewish restrictions; his father losing his job; deportation of friends who were Polish citizens; Kristallnacht; participating in Habonim; collecting money for the Jewish National Fund; agricultural training on a kibbutz in Rüdnitz; moving to Paderborn; forced labor; learning his parents had been deported in December 1942; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in March 1943; transfer to Monowitz; slave labor; transfer to the hospital in Auschwitz; working in the kitchen; a public hanging; transfer to Zgoda (Świętochłowice); slave labor in a munitions factory; a death march and train transfer to Mauthausen; transfer to Vienna; Allied bombings; a death march back to Mauthausen; transfer to Gusen; liberation by United States troops; walking to Linz; hospitalization; traveling to Vienna; recuperating from tuberculoses in a sanatorium for a year; training survivors for emigration to Israel in Soriano, Italy in 1947; gathering others from Austria; and emigration to Israel in 1949. Mr. L. discusses the importance to his survival of being with his group; not knowing about the extermination program until after the war; living from day to day in the camps, focusing only on food; learning his entire family had been killed; recent visits to Berlin and Paderborn, including a reunion of his German Zionist work group; and reluctance to share his story, even with his children, until recently.
    Author/Creator
    L., Yorgan, 1925-
    Published
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
    Interview Date
    October 22, 1992 and November 4, 1992.
    Locale
    Germany
    Berlin (Germany)
    Rüdnitz (Germany)
    Paderborn (Germany)
    Linz (Austria)
    Vienna (Austria)
    Soriano nel Cimino (Italy)
    Israel
    Cite As
    Yorgan L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3490). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Beyrak, Nathan, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    2 videorecordings (5 hr., 9 min., and 5 hr., 30 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Nuremberg laws.
    Crystal Night, 1938.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Postwar experiences.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Jews--Migrations. Jewish refugees. Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Germany. Kristallnacht, 1938. Forced labor. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Death marches. Germany. Berlin (Germany) Rüdnitz (Germany) Paderborn (Germany) Linz (Austria) Vienna (Austria) Soriano nel Cimino (Italy) Israel. Oral histories (document genres) L., Yorgan,--1925- Jewish National Fund. World Habonim (Organization) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Monowitz (Concentration camp) Zgoda (Concentration camp) Mauthausen (Concentration camp) Gusen (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297663
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:53:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4297663

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