Shlomo S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3496) interviewed by Anita Tarsi and Nathan Beyrak
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
- Interview Date
- December 28, 1992.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Shlomo S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3496). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Shlomo S., who was born in Kraków, Poland, one of five children. He recounts attending cheder, then Mizrachi school; training with Akiva for two years; his older sister's emigration to Palestine in 1938; returning to Kraków in 1939; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced labor as a gardener; his family's expulsion to Rzeszów; working as a translator in a garage; ghettoization; traveling to the Rzeszów ghetto, dressed as a German; seeing his family for the last time; bringing his friend's girlfriend back to Kraków; obtaining a job in the garage for Heshek Bauminger; joining Bauminger's underground group; obtaining false papers through Judenrat contacts and from priests outside the ghetto; assisting with bombing the Cyganeria café, where Germans were killed and injured; escaping; hiding with non-Jews; arrest in early 1943; interrogation and torture for six weeks in Montelupich prison; a friend sharing food; deportation to Auschwitz; slave labor; transfer to Golleschau; forming a group with two friends from Kraków; working in a mine with Greek Jews; public hangings; a Polish supervisor giving him extra food; hospitalization; a death march in January 1945; train transfer to Mauthausen; transfer to Oranienburg and Flossenbürg; a death march to Ganacker; escaping from a death march; receiving food, clothing, and shelter from a German family; liberation by United States troops; living in Eggenfelden, then Altötting displaced persons camp; marriage; traveling to Salon; illegal emigration by ship to Palestine; interdiction by the British; incarceration on Cyprus, then ʻAtlit; release; and serving in the 1948 war. Mr. S. discusses the importance of being with friends to his survival; instinctively continuing in the camps despite wanting to die; and the loss of approximately seventy close relatives in the Holocaust. He shows photographs.