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Nikola R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3503) interviewed by Jaša Almuli,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3503

Videotape testimony of Nikola R., who was born in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. He recounts his father serving in World War I, his capture by the Soviets, then enlisting in the Soviet military (he never saw him again); attending school in Valpovo, then Osijek; attending university in Zagreb beginning in 1929; participating in Jewish academic and left-wing groups; military service in 1933; working as a teacher in Cetinje; draft in February 1941; Italian occupation; retreating to Nikšić; smuggling himself to Osijek via Sarajevo; anti-Jewish restrictions; moving to Djakovo, then a Serb village; distributing flyers for the underground; denouncement; fleeing to Osijek; arrest and deportation to Topovske Šupe; forced labor; assistance from communists; sabotaging weapons in storage; obtaining false papers to travel to Zagreb; hiding briefly with a friend; moving to Sušak; an offer of assistance from an Italian officer; collecting funds from Jews for the partisans; arrest; not divulging information under torture; escaping with the complicity of an Italian guard in Srpske Moravice; joining a partisan unit in May 1942; Veljko Kovačević appointing him to write propaganda; joining the Communist Party in June 1943; fighting in Slavonia, Bosnia and Serbia; participating in the liberation of Belgrade; meeting his wife (a Sephardic Jew whose entire family was killed during the war) when assigned to KNOJ; working in the Ministry of Culture; and his academic career. Mr. R. discusses reuniting with his mother, sister, and her children after liberation; participation in a Jewish organization; and freedom of speech, or the lack of it under Tito.

Author/Creator
R., Nikola.
Published
Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
August 15, 1995.
Locale
Yugoslavia
Austria
Valpovo (Croatia)
Osijek (Croatia)
Zagreb (Croatia)
Cetinje (Montenegro)
Nikšić (Montenegro)
Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Djakovo (Croatia)
Sušak (Rijeka, Croatia)
Srpske Moravice (Croatia)
Belgrade (Serbia)
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Nikola R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3503). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.