Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Betty C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3514) interviewed by Anita Tarsi,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: MS 1322

Videotape testimony of Betty C., who was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1919, the youngest of five sisters. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; attending public school; antisemitic harassment; attending a Jewish school; participating in a Zionist youth group; one sister's emigration to Palestine in 1936; her father's death; preparing to emigrate to Palestine on a Hechalutz kibbutz in Beverwijk; German invasion; returning to Amsterdam; marriage; operating a children's kibbutz in Elden with her husband; arrest in October 1942; deportation to Westerbork; arrival of her mother and one sister; deportation with her mother and husband to Auschwitz in September 1943; separation from her mother; volunteering for specious medical experiments by Dr. Carl Clauberg to avoid transfer to Birkenau, where she thought she could not survive; sending food and messages to her husband; a camp official saving him from selections; working in the hospital; leading prayer sessions; encountering the camp Kommandant, Rudolf Höss; public hangings; a death march and train transfer to Bergen-Belsen in January 1945; learning one sister was there; receiving extra food from her; contracting typhus; her sister nursing her; liberation by British troops; assistance from the Red Cross; repatriation to Eindhoven; learning her husband had not survived; hospitalization; illegal emigration by ship to Palestine via Marseille; interdiction by the British; brief incarceration; reunion with her sister; marriage; and adopting two children. Ms. C. discusses losing her religious faith in the camps; the prisoner hierarchy and relations among national groups; and chronic health problems resulting from her experiences.

C., Betty, 1919-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
January 6, 1993, and February 5, 1993.
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Beverwijk (Netherlands)
Elden (Netherlands)
Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Marseille (France)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Betty C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3514). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:32:00
This page: