Betty C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3514) interviewed by Anita Tarsi
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
- Interview Date
- January 6, 1993, and February 5, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Betty C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3514). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Betty C., who was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1919, the youngest of five sisters. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; attending public school; antisemitic harassment; attending a Jewish school; participating in a Zionist youth group; one sister's emigration to Palestine in 1936; her father's death; preparing to emigrate to Palestine on a Hechalutz kibbutz in Beverwijk; German invasion; returning to Amsterdam; marriage; operating a children's kibbutz in Elden with her husband; arrest in October 1942; deportation to Westerbork; arrival of her mother and one sister; deportation with her mother and husband to Auschwitz in September 1943; separation from her mother; volunteering for specious medical experiments by Dr. Claus Clauberg to avoid transfer to Birkenau, where she thought she could not survive; sending food and messages to her husband; a camp official saving him from selections; working in the hospital; leading prayer sessions; encountering the camp Kommandant, Rudolf Höss; public hangings; a death march and train transfer to Bergen-Belsen in January 1945; learning one sister was there; receiving extra food from her; contracting typhus; her sister nursing her; liberation by British troops; assistance from the Red Cross; repatriation to Eindhoven; learning her husband had not survived; hospitalization; illegal emigration by ship to Palestine via Marseille; interdiction by the British; brief incarceration; reunion with her sister; marriage; and adopting two children. Ms. C. discusses losing her religious faith in the camps; the prisoner hierarchy and relations among national groups; and chronic health problems resulting from her experiences.