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Mira V. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3536)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3536

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Mira V., who was born in Vilna, Poland (presently Vilnius, Lithuania) in 1919, the older of two children. She recounts her family's affluence; summering at their vacation home in Nemenčinė; attending a Bund, then another Yiddish school; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; attending lectures by Hayyim Nahman Bialik and Vladimir Jabotinsky; her father's dismissal from his government job in 1938 due to increasing antisemitisim; living on a hachsharah in Częstochowa; German invasion in 1939; fleeing to Kovelʹ; Soviet occupation; returning home; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; learning of her father's murder in Ponary from a non-Jewish friend who witnessed it; moving to the ghetto in September; hiding with her mother and sister during a round-up, assisted by a Jewish policeman; her sister's friend, who had a life-saving certificate, marrying her sister to save the family; hiding her mother in a bunker (they were discovered); an unsuccessful attempt to bribe Salk Dessler, a Judenrat official, to save her mother; doing agricultural work outside the ghetto; her civilian supervisor taking her to work as a domestic in his home; a Polish friend giving her food; bringing extra food to her sister; her sister's husband being beaten to death; joining the ghetto resistance (Fareyniḳṭe parṭizaner organizatsye); learning to shoot; working with Abba Kovner, Yiżḣak Wittenburg, Joseph Glazman, and others; and meetings with Jacob Gens and partisan couriers Ḥaiḳah Grosman and Tossia Altman.

    Ms. V. recalls failing to convince her sister to join her in escaping to the forest; assistance from farmers; joining Glazman's Nekamah group in Fëdor Markov's Voroshilov partisans which included Nisan Reznik; confiscation of Jewish partisans' possessions; learning Jewish partisans were murdered; leaving to join Lithuanian partisans; caring for the wounded; inferior treatment of Jews; liberation by Soviet troops; transfer to Švenčionys, then Nemenčinė; walking to Vilnius; reunion with Jewish partisan friends; learning her sister had not survived; assistance from the Joint; searching for relatives; pervasive antisemitism; traveling to Białystok, Hrodna, then Bucharest; joining Kovner's revenge group; traveling to Italy; meeting the Jewish brigade; traveling to Munich, then Nuremberg as a member of the revenge group planning to poison incarcerated German prisoners of war; moving between Munich, Frankfurt, and Berlin; fleeing to Paris after the mission; and emigration to Palestine. Ms. V. discusses others who were in the forest with her including Alexander Bogen and Abraham Sutzkever; not sharing her experiences, even with her husband and children, until 1985; continuing antipathy toward Germans and Germany; experiences she will not share; and continuing nightmares.
    Author/Creator
    V., Mira, 1919-
    Published
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
    Interview Date
    March 12 and 28, 1993.
    Locale
    Lithuania
    Vilnius
    Ukraine
    Poland
    Vilnius (Lithuania)
    Nemenčinė (Lithuania)
    Częstochowa (Poland)
    Kovelʹ (Ukraine)
    Švenčionys (Lithuania)
    Hrodna (Belarus)
    Białystok (Poland)
    Lublin (Poland)
    Bucharest (Romania)
    Italy
    Munich (Germany)
    Nuremberg (Germany)
    Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
    Paris (France)
    Cite As
    Mira V. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3536). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related material: Nisan R. Holocaust testimony [colleague](HVT-3193), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Alexander B. Holocaust testimony [colleague](HVT-3374), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    2 videorecordings (8 hr., 38 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Soviet occupation.
    Marriage in Jewish ghettos.
    Hiding.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Bunkers.
    Partisans.
    Forests.
    Postwar experiences.
    Antisemitism Postwar.
    Postwar effects.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Forced labor. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Lithuania--Vilnius. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. Jewish councils. Revenge. Escapes. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Ukraine. Poland. Vilnius (Lithuania) Nemenčinė (Lithuania) Częstochowa (Poland) Kovelʹ (Ukraine) Švenčionys (Lithuania) Hrodna (Belarus) Białystok (Poland) Lublin (Poland) Bucharest (Romania) Italy. Munich (Germany) Nuremberg (Germany) Frankfurt am Main (Germany) Paris (France) Oral histories (document genres) V., Mira,--1919- Kovner, Abba,--1918-1987. Gens, Jacob,--1903-1943. Dessler, Salk. Grosman, Ḥaiḳah. Altman, Tossia,--1918-1943. Glazman, Josef,--approximately 1908-1943. Reznik, Nisan,--1918- Bogen, Alexander. Sutzkever, Abraham,--1913-2010. Markov, Fëdor Grigorʹevich,--1913-1958. World Hashomer Hatzair. Allgemeyner Idisher arbayṭerbund in Liṭa, Poylen un Rusland. Fareyniḳṭe parṭizaner organizatsye (Vilnius, Lithuania) Voroshilov (Resistance group) Nekamah (Resistance group) American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4298221
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:53:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4298221

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