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Kalman W. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3565)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3565

Videotape testimony of Kalman W., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1920. He recounts attending a local Bundist school and summer camp in Vilnius; joining Bundist protests against antisemitic laws; an accounting apprenticeship in 1938; German invasion in September 1939; orders to report for military service with his father in Warsaw; German bombings; returning home; ghettoization; teaching in a ghetto school; his family concealing his grandmother's death to obtain her rations; round-ups and deportations; work in the ghetto finance office; listening to a clandestine radio and disseminating the news; Ḥayim Rumkowski assigning him as a factory accountant; meeting his future wife; arrest of a clandestine radio team; retrieving the radio from his family's apartment before a German search; his father's, uncles' and cousin's arrest (he never saw them again); hiding the radio with a friend; transfer to a factory; listening to BBC; deportation with his brother in October 1944 to Radogoszcz, Oranienburg, Sachsenhausen, and Königs Wusterhausen; slave labor building tank barricades; liberation by Soviet troops; celebrating Passover with Jewish soldiers; reunion with his girlfriend in Łódź; a friend's murder in anti-Jewish riots; and emigrating with his wife to Israel via Marseille in 1948. Mr. W. discusses the Bund, Rumkowski, Mendel Grossman (the ghetto photographer), and other radio operators; saving the radio as a political act; and donating it to the Ghetto Fighters Museum.

W., Kalman, 1920-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
July 25, 1993 and August 1, 1993.
Łódź (Poland)
Vilnius (Lithuania)
Warsaw (Poland)
Marseille (France)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Kalman W. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3565). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.