Pnina G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3571)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
- Interview Date
- August 6, 1993 and August 13, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Pnina G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3571). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Pnina G., who was born in Nowy Dwor Mazoweicki, Poland in 1923, the youngest of eight children. She recounts attending a Jewish school; participating in Maccabi; anti-Jewish violence; German invasion; her family joining a brother in Warsaw; her parents and several siblings returning home; ghettoization; smuggling goods to her father in 1941; working with her brothers in a furniture factory; eating at a Joint soup kitchen; caring for the child of a rich family, from whom she obtained food for her family; smuggling herself into the Nowy Dwor ghetto; leaving to stay with cousins in Chojnowo when she suspected a round-up (her parents and siblings would not join her); returning to her brothers in the Warsaw ghetto, with help from non-Jews; working in a factory with her brother; asking a fellow-worker to join his Hashomer Hatzair group resulting in contact with Hersz Berlinski, a resistance leader; joining the Jewish resistance (ZOB) with her brother and cousin; deportation of another brother, his wife, and child; escaping from a round-up; being trained as fighters by Marek Edelman; building a bunker; attacking Germans in April 1943; moving from bunker to bunker; her brother being wounded (he did not survive); escaping through the sewers with Zivya Lubetkin and Haim Frymer (her future husband); Śimḥah Rotem and two non-Jews transporting them to nearby forests; joining Soviet partisans; building bunkers; receiving funds and supplies from Lubetkin and Yitzhak Zuckerman (they remained in Warsaw); joining the Polish uprising in Warsaw as non-Jews; capture by the Germans; escaping; joining Armia Ludowa (Polish partisans); liberation by Soviet troops; learning all her family were killed; illegal emigration to Palestine in 1945, with assistance from Lubetkin; marriage to Haim Frymer; and the births of two children. Ms. G. notes suffering from the loss of her family, as do her children.