Roziana B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3578)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
- Interview Date
- November 9, 1993 and November 30, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Roziana B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3578). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Roziana B., who was born in Deštnice, Czechoslovakia in 1927. She recounts being the only Jewish family in town; their assimilated lifestyle; her mother's death in 1936; her father's remarriage in 1937; attending public school; moving to Žatec; German occupation; her father's friend, who was in the Gestapo, warning him to flee (he did); their arrest on Kristallnacht; being ordered to leave; traveling to the Czech border; being denied entry by Czech officials; incarceration by Germans in Kolešovice, then Karlsbad; release; returning to Žatec, then Deštnice; receiving travel papers from her father (he was in Prague); entering Czech territory illegally; living with her father's relatives in a Czech village; attending school; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; deportation to Theresienstadt in February 1942; separation from her brother and father; assignment to a children's barrack; attending classes; her brother's deportation; sham improvements for a Red Cross visit and propaganda film; hospitalization for typhus; forced labor in the gardens; her father's deportation; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from her stepmother and sister (she never saw them again); learning her brother had been gassed; brief contact with her father; transfer to Maerzdorf; slave labor in a textile factory; the factory director giving her extra food; liberation by Soviet troops; staying briefly with a German villager; traveling to Prague; and emigration to Israel in 1949 to escape communism. Ms. B. discusses numbness upon learning her brother had been killed; organizing efforts by the Zionists in Theresienstadt, including Fredy Hirsch, which made the children's lives easier; and a Hanukkah celebration there in 1942. She shows photographs.