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Iakov N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3614) interviewe by Ina Gurary and Arkadiĭ Shulʹman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3614

Videotape testimony of Iakov N., who was born in Minsk, Soviet Union in 1925. He recalls his parents laboring in factories; hunger until 1938; speaking Yiddish at home; German bombing in June 1941; fleeing and returning to Minsk twice; ghettoization; mass shootings in which relatives were killed (one cousin survived by crawling out of a mass grave); forced labor; building hiding places to use during mass shootings; arrival of German Jews; escaping in summer 1943 with help from the underground; joining the partisans in the forest; Hersh Smolar directing them to another unit; learning his parents, sister, and many other relatives were killed in the ghetto's liquidation; serving in Shalom Zorin's partisan unit 106 in many different locations; hostile actions by Germans and by AK units resulting in deaths of their members; protecting some 600 people in the "family camp"; a huge German offensive in July; having to fight and move often; Zorin's masterful strategy which saved many lives; meeting Soviet troops; returning to Minsk; enlisting in the Soviet military to take revenge; attending technical school; marriage in 1950; his daughter's birth; and her emigration to Israel. Mr. N. shows photographs.

Author/Creator
N., Iakov, 1925-
Published
Minsk, Belarus : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
August 7, 1995.
Language
Russian
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Iakov N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3614). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.