Jakov T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3644)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- April 21, May 6, and June 3, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jakov T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3644). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jakov T., who was born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia in 1925, the oldest of three children. He recounts participating in Tchelet Lavan; his parents' divorce in 1934; their remarriages; remaining in Ostrava to attend school when his parents and sisters moved; joining his mother in 1938; briefly attending boarding school in Karlovy Vary; joining his mother in Rokycany; joining his father in Prague after Slovak independence and alliance with Germany; his bar mitzvah; registering for a Kindertransport to England, which never left due the outbreak of war on September 1, 1939; briefly living in Poděbrady; anti-Jewish restrictions; attending ʻAliyat ha-noʻar training; his mother's emigration to Palestine; his father's frequent travel; sending packages to deported friends; deportation with his father to Theresienstadt in August 1943; a privileged assignment in the bakery; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau with his father about a month later; assignment to the family camp; friends giving him extra food; his father's involvement with the underground; separation from his father in a selection; transfer to Schwartheide; slave labor rebuilding bombed barracks; transfer to Sachsenhausen; assignment to a factory; hospitalization for an injury; a Czech prisoner doctor caring for him; clearing unexploded bombs; transfer to Lichterfelde, then back to Sachsenhausen; a death march to Parchim; assistance from the Red Cross; abandonment by the guards; liberation by United States troops; working as a translator in Lüneburg; traveling to Hamburg, then Prague; reunion with his sister, stepmother, and uncle; moving to Budapest; a failed attempt to emigrate to Palestine via Romania; traveling to Italy via Szombathely and Graz; assistance from the Jewish brigade; living in refugee camps in Padua, Rome, and Cinecittà; traveling to Santa Maria di Leuca; joining a Habonim kibbutz headed by Israel Gutman; assisting illegal emigration to Palestine; his own emigration by ship; interdiction by the British; incarceration in Cyprus; reunion with his mother in Israel; joining the Haganah, then Palmaḥ; being wounded in the 1948 Arab-Israel war; and discharge in 1949. Mr. T. discusses his father's involvement in anti-Nazi activities and group relations in the camps. He shows letters and photographs.