Ladislav Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3695) interviewed by Peter Salner and Eva Riecanská
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
- Interview Date
- September 25, 1995.
- 3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS submaster; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ladislav Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3695). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ladislav Z., who was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1919, one of three children. He recounts living in Trnava; moving to Bratislava in 1926; his parents' assimilated lifestyle; he and his sister attending high school; active participation in a small communist group; attending medical school in 1937; Hlinka guard expelling Jewish students in 1938; working in forestry, then as a journalist for an illegal communist magazine; enrolling in law school; expulsion in 1941; draft into a forced labor group; postings in Čemerné, Liptovský Hrádok, then Svätý Jur; obtaining false papers with assistance from non-Jews; escaping to Banská Bystrica; returning to Bratislava in fall 1943; meeting his future wife; living with his parents; working as a non-Jew; his mother's death from cancer in April 1944; arrest and imprisonment in August; transfer to Sered in January 1945; humiliating slave labor cleaning Gestapo headquarters; transfer to Theresienstadt in March; and liberation by Soviet troops in May. Mr. Z. notes his father and his wife's parents were deported and killed, but his sister (she was married to a non-Jew) and brother (he was a partisan) survived. He discusses activities of his communist group.