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Samuel W. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3705)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3705

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Samuel W., who was born in Częstochowa, Poland in 1923, one of three children, to a Russian mother and a Jewish father. He recounts his mother's conversion to Judaism; attending a Hebrew school; his family's move to Warsaw; attending school; moving to Radość; German invasion; enlisting in the Polish military; moving with his battalion, ending in Chełm; being injured in a train bombing; hospitalization in Lublin; returning to Radość; traveling with his mother to join his father in Opatów in January 1941; his mother obtaining papers as a non-Jew; ghettoization; sneaking out to trade his father's paintings for food; hiding with non-Jews during round-ups; traveling with friends to work in a factory in Starachowice; returning to Opatów; his father obtaining false papers for the family; his father's move to Warsaw; his return to Częstochowa with his mother and sisters; his sisters' round-up; his mother sending him back to Opatów; deportation to Treblinka in October 1942; a friend who had arrived earlier advising him to say he was a construction worker; meeting a former teacher; assignment to a warehouse sorting possessions of the murdered Jews; finding his sisters' clothing; the pervasive odor of burning bodies; observing mass shootings and pits filled with burning corpses; assignment to a kommando building fences; forming a close group with his friend, his teacher, and a converted Jew who was a Protestant minister; assisting his friend when he had typhus; a severe beating; his friend treating his infected wounds; and observing the murder of his former teacher.

    Mr. W. tells of the prisoner uprising; being wounded while escaping into the forest; assistance from villagers in Wólka; traveling to Radość, Siedlce, then Rembertów; assistance from local Poles; purchasing false papers; traveling to Częstochowa to find his parents; reunion with them in Warsaw; not informing his parents he had found his sisters' clothing (his mother later learned from his book); earning a great deal selling his father's paintings; joining Armia Krajowa (AK) as a non-Jew; participating in the 1944 uprising; escaping a murder attempt by AK colleagues after they learned he was Jewish; joining a leftist group; other Jews being robbed and killed by AK; escaping to Pruszków, Kopytów, then Milanówek, where he saw his mother; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Warsaw, then Łódź; finding his father; draft into the Polish military; officer training; discharge; providing military training to Zionists in Kraków and elsewhere; working with Ichud to move Jews through Czechoslovakia and Vienna; marriage; living in an UNRRA camp in Cinecittà; learning his father had died; retrieving his mother from Poland; retrieving Jewish children living with Christians in Radomsko and Koniecpol; and emigration with his mother, wife, and in-laws to Israel in 1950. Mr. W. discusses prisoner organization in Treblinka; pervasive fear and certainty he would not survive; annual meetings with Treblinka survivors; frequently visiting Poland; and increasing difficulty speaking about Treblinka.
    Author/Creator
    W., Samuel, 1923-2016.
    Published
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
    Interview Date
    May 6, June 2 and 17, 1994.
    Locale
    Poland
    Opatów (Tarnobrzeg)
    Częstochowa (Poland)
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Radość (Warsaw, Poland)
    Lublin (Poland)
    Chełm (Lublin, Poland)
    Opatów (Województwo Świętokrzyskie, Poland)
    Starachowice (Poland)
    Wólka (Poland)
    Siedlce (Poland)
    Rembertów (Warsaw, Poland)
    Łódź (Poland)
    Vienna (Austria)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Pruszków (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
    Milanówek (Poland)
    Kopytów (Poland)
    Radomsko (Poland)
    Koniecpol (Województwo Śląskie, Poland)
    Czechoslovakia
    Cite As
    Samuel W. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3705). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related publications: Mered bi-Ṭreblinḳah / Shemuʼel Ṿilenberg. -- Tel Aviv: Miśrad ha-biṭaḥon, c1986.
    Related publications: Surviving Treblinka / Samuel Willenberg ; translated by Naftali Greenwood ; edited by Władysław T. Bartoszewski. -- Oxford, UK ; New York, NY, USA : Basil Blackwell, c1989

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    3 videorecordings (7 hr., 52 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Aid by non-Jews.
    False papers.
    Mass killings.
    Mutual aid.
    Concentration camps Revolts.
    Concentration camps Underground movements.
    Hiding.
    Postwar experiences.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Polish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. Forced labor. Children of interfaith marriage. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Poland--Opatów (Tarnobrzeg) Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Friendship. Escapes. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Poland. Fathers and sons. Mothers and sons. Refugee camps. Poland. Częstochowa (Poland) Warsaw (Poland) Radość (Warsaw, Poland) Lublin (Poland) Chełm (Lublin, Poland) Opatów (Województwo Świętokrzyskie, Poland) Starachowice (Poland) Wólka (Poland) Siedlce (Poland) Rembertów (Warsaw, Poland) Warsaw (Poland)--History--Uprising, 1944. Łódź (Poland) Vienna (Austria) Kraków (Poland) Pruszków (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland) Milanówek (Poland) Kopytów (Poland) Radomsko (Poland) Koniecpol (Województwo Śląskie, Poland) Czechoslovakia. Oral histories (document genres) W., Samuel,--1923- Treblinka (Concentration camp) Poland.--Polskie Siły Zbrojne.--Armia Krajowa. Ichud Habonim. United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. Cinecittà, s.p.a.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4298763
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:42:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4298763

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