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Norman K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2344) interviewed by Charles J. Ticho and Margot Brandes

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2344

Videotape testimony of Norman K., who was born in Działoszyce, Poland in 1927, the youngest of seven children. He recalls speaking Yiddish at home; learning Polish in public school; German invasion in September 1939; anti-Jewish measures including expulsion from school; fleeing to Wiślica with his parents and sister in September 1942 to avoid a round-up (his married sister lived there); returning home; learning many Jews were killed locally and others deported by train; another round-up in November; hiding with a non-Jewish farmer; having to leave a week later; traveling to Wodzisław, his father's hometown; being smuggled by a Polish policeman to the Kraków ghetto; separation from his parents and sister when he was sent to Płaszów; slave labor; beatings and executions, often by Kommandant Amon Goeth; mass shootings; transfer to Wieliczka; German Air Force soldiers speaking to him; transfer to Mauthausen, then Melk; a death march to Ebensee; liberation by United States troops; French inmates killing a kapo; hospitalization; going to an UNRRA camp in Italy with Beriḥah; illegal emigration to Palestine in November 1945; arrest by the British when meeting other illegal boats; and emigration to the United States in 1952. Mr. K. notes no other family members survived. He shows photographs.

Author/Creator
K., Norman, 1927-
Published
Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1991
Interview Date
December 19, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. with VHS time coding.
Cite As
Norman K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2344). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4318151
Record last modified: 2015-07-30 15:54:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4318151