Norman K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2344) interviewed by Charles J. Ticho and Margot Brandes
- Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1991
- Interview Date
- December 19, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. with VHS time coding.
- Cite As
- Norman K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2344). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Norman K., who was born in Działoszyce, Poland in 1927, the youngest of seven children. He recalls speaking Yiddish at home; learning Polish in public school; German invasion in September 1939; anti-Jewish measures including expulsion from school; fleeing to Wiślica with his parents and sister in September 1942 to avoid a round-up (his married sister lived there); returning home; learning many Jews were killed locally and others deported by train; another round-up in November; hiding with a non-Jewish farmer; having to leave a week later; traveling to Wodzisław, his father's hometown; being smuggled by a Polish policeman to the Kraków ghetto; separation from his parents and sister when he was sent to Płaszów; slave labor; beatings and executions, often by Kommandant Amon Goeth; mass shootings; transfer to Wieliczka; German Air Force soldiers speaking to him; transfer to Mauthausen, then Melk; a death march to Ebensee; liberation by United States troops; French inmates killing a kapo; hospitalization; going to an UNRRA camp in Italy with Beriḥah; illegal emigration to Palestine in November 1945; arrest by the British when meeting other illegal boats; and emigration to the United States in 1952. Mr. K. notes no other family members survived. He shows photographs.