Moshe M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3369)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
- Interview Date
- June 18 and 25, July 1, 8, and 22, and August 6, 1992.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Moshe M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3369). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Moshe M., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1922, the third of four children. He recounts his family's orthodoxy; attending cheder at age three; completing Jewish trade school in 1938; German invasion in 1939; anti-Jewish restrictions including confiscation of his father's business; he and his older sister working to support the family; ghettoization; smuggling food; working in a battery factory; volunteering for road building near Łęczna; assistance from a non-Jewish woman; escaping; doing farm work posing as a non-Jew; arrest; incarceration in Lublin; release by a Folksdeutsch guard who had been helped by a Jew; returning to the Warsaw ghetto; hiding with his family during round-ups; his parents' round-up while he was at work; smuggling them out of the Umschlagplatz with his older sister; his round-up; assignment to a factory outside the ghetto; visiting his parents; a Pole smuggling letters to him from his brother from which he learned his parents and sisters had been deported, then his brother had (no one survived); several visits to the ghetto; acquiring guns; Polish civilian workers informing them of the ghetto uprising; and deportation to Majdanek.
Mr. M. describes public hangings and beatings; encountering his uncle, aunt, and cousin; slave labor in a quarry; friends supporting him when he was ill; never believing he would survive; transfer to Skarżysko-Kamienna; slave labor in a HASAG munitions factory; hospitalization for typhus; his sister's friend helping obtain a privileged position repairing machinery; receiving extra food from Polish non-Jewish workers; his Polish supervisor saving him from execution; transfer to Radom, Częstochowa, then Meuselwitz in November 1944; slave labor in a HASAG factory; Allied bombings; train evacuation; release in Czechoslovakia; liberation by United States troops; returning to Warsaw via Plzeň and Prague; living in Siedlce with a friend; futilely seeking relatives in Otwock; emigrating to Italy with a group due to pervasive antisemitism; assistance from Beriḥah, UNRRA, and the Joint; illegal emigration to Palestine in 1946; interdiction by the British; incarceration on Cyprus; release; living with his uncle's family in Israel; their kindness; joining the Haganah; and marriage to a survivor. Mr. M. discusses camp hierarchies; the importance of assistance from friends to his survival; hostility to survivors from Israelis; building his family and country as his form of revenge; and recently completing a written record of his experiences that he had started in Italy.