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Israel M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3748)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3748

Videotape testimony of Israel M., who was born in Hanušovce nad Topl̕ou, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1922, one of six children. He recounts one brother's illness and death; attending a Jewish school, then yeshivas in Šurany and Galanta; Slovak independence; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced labor building roads; escaping with a friend to Sátoraljaújhely; assistance from local Jews; visiting his brother in Košice; traveling to Sárospatak, then Budapest; obtaining false papers; arrest; transfer to Žilina; his sister smuggling money to him in a toothpaste tube; deportation to Auschwitz; slave labor unloading trains; receiving extra food from a SS guard; public hangings; obtaining a position at Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (German Equipment Factory) through a friend; improved conditions; sharing extra food with prisoners in the hospital; praying with a group, exchanging bread for potatoes during Passover; a death march, then train transfer to Mauthausen in January 1945; transfer to Vienna; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Budapest, then home; reunion with his sister; moving to Bratislava; marriage in 1947; illegal emigration to Palestine; and serving in the military during the 1948 war. Mr. M. notes retaining his religious faith in Auschwitz and his almost fifty grandchildren representing his victory over Hitler.

Author/Creator
M., Israel, 1922-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
April 7, 1995.
Locale
Czechoslovakia
Hanušovce nad Topľou (Slovakia)
Šurany (Slovakia)
Galanta (Slovakia)
Sátoraljaújhely (Hungary)
Košice (Slovakia)
Sárospatak (Hungary)
Budapest (Hungary)
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Palestine
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Israel M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3748). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.