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Vladimir M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3784)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3784

Videotape testimony of Vladimir M., who was born in Minsk, Belarus in 1933, the younger of two brothers. He recounts his father's participation in the Bolshevik movement; his family's move to Moscow in 1935; his brother spending the summer with grandparents in Minsk in 1937; his father's, then his mother's arrest; placement in orphanages; his uncle bringing him to Minsk in December 1939; coddling within his large, extended family, especially by his grandmother; attending summer camp in 1941; German invasion; a teacher returning him to Minsk; learning of mass shootings including his uncle and other relatives; ghettoization; hiding during round-ups for mass shootings; hospitalization for typhus; he and his brother sneaking out of the ghetto; singing to German and Hungarian soldiers for extra food; bringing it to his grandparents; starvation, cold, and disease; more mass shootings including many relatives; escaping with his brother and others; assistance from villagers; fleeing antisemitic partisans; joining Shimon Zorin's partisan family unit, then merging with the Bielski brigade; a German attack; frequently changing locations; partisan battles with Germans; executions of captured German soldiers; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Minsk; living in several orphanages; pervasive antisemitism; his mother and father returning in 1947; their divorce; living with his father in Ashmi︠a︡ny in summer 1948; denial of membership in the Komsomol due to his parents' records; being warned in 1951 his father's arrest was immanent; moving to Siberia with him to avoid arrest; attending school in Tomsk; military enlistment in 1955; emigration to Israel; and his father's death in 1967. Mr. M. discusses his large extended family, all of whom were killed; life in orphanages, ghetto, partisans, Siberia, and Israel; difficulty relating to parents he hardly knew; nightmares resulting from his experiences; and not talking about his experiences with anyone, including his family. He shows photographs and documents and sings many songs.

Author/Creator
M., Vladimir, 1933-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
June 8 and 15, July and 13, and September 7, 1995.
Language
Russian
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Vladimir M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3784). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.