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Shlomo K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3798)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3798

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Shlomo K., who was born in Vilna, Poland (presently Vilnius, Lithuania) in 1921, one of two children. He recounts attending a Bund school; joining Hashomer Hatzair, in spite of his family's and school's Bundist beliefs; completing school in 1939; joining a Hashomer hachsharah in Kalisz; German invasion; fleeing with his group to Łódź, Warsaw, then returning home; Soviet occupation; attending a Jewish technical school; clandestine Hashomer activities led by Abba Kovner; German invasion in June 1941; anti-Jewish restrictions and killings; ghettoization; forced labor with his father unloading bags of cement, then on a farm; purchasing extra food; his mother's assignment to a glove factory, which initially exempted them from deportation; joining and living with the Jewish partisans (FPO); visiting his family daily; making Molotov cocktails and hiding smuggled weapons; Yiżḣak Wittenberg, head of the partisans, surrendering to prevent reprisals; and being chosen for a partisan group to escape to the forests.

    Mr. K. recalls being ambushed; Yosef Glazman ordering their retreat to the forest; joining Fyodor Markov's Voroshilov partisan unit; reorganization of and moving to other units, including Nekamah; blowing up train tracks and communication networks in coordination with the Soviet military; an attack resulting in many deaths; assistance from a local woman; transferring German collaborators to the Soviets; liberation by Soviet troops; draft into the Soviet military; serving in Pastavy; meeting Haika Grossman; deserting rather than going to Germany; traveling to Warsaw, then Łódź; joining a Beriḥah group using Greek passports to travel to Graz, then Pontebba; being sent to Bari; smuggling weapons to Palestine; joining Abba Kovner's group planning revenge against Germany; traveling to Milan, then Munich dressed as British soldiers; disposing of poison when the plan could not be implemented; illegal emigration to Palestine via Marseille; interdiction by the British; and incarceration. Mr. K. notes regretting he never said goodbye to his family and names many of the partisans.
    Author/Creator
    K., Shlomo, 1921-
    Published
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
    Interview Date
    September 14 and 21, and November 9, 1995.
    Locale
    Lithuania
    Vilnius
    Poland
    Vilnius (Lithuania)
    Kalisz (Poland)
    Łódź (Poland)
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Pastavy (Belarus)
    Graz (Austria)
    Pontebba (Italy)
    Munich (Germany)
    Milan (Italy)
    Bari (Italy)
    Marseille (France)
    Palestine
    Cite As
    Shlomo K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3798). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    3 videorecordings (7 hr., 57 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Soviet occupation.
    Partisans.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Forests.
    Postwar experiences.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Forced labor. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Lithuania--Vilnius. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. Escapes. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Soviet. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. Revenge. Poland. Vilnius (Lithuania) Kalisz (Poland) Łódź (Poland) Warsaw (Poland) Pastavy (Belarus) Graz (Austria) Pontebba (Italy) Munich (Germany) Milan (Italy) Bari (Italy) Marseille (France) Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Oral histories (document genres) K., Shlomo,--1921- Kovner, Abba,--1918-1987. Wittenberg, Yiżḣak,--1907-1943. Glazman, Josef,--approximately 1908-1943. Markov, Fëdor Grigorʹevich,--1913-1958. Grossman, Haika,--1919-1996. Allgemeyner Idisher arbayṭerbund in Liṭa, Poylen un Rusland. World Hashomer Hatzair. Fareyniḳṭe parṭizaner organizatsye (Vilnius, Lithuania) Voroshilov (Resistance group) Nekamah (Resistance group) Beriḥah (Organization)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4381606
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:42:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4381606

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