Shlomo K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3798)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
- Interview Date
- September 14 and 21, and November 9, 1995.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Shlomo K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3798). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Shlomo K., who was born in Vilna, Poland (presently Vilnius, Lithuania) in 1921, one of two children. He recounts attending a Bund school; joining Hashomer Hatzair, in spite of his family's and school's Bundist beliefs; completing school in 1939; joining a Hashomer hachsharah in Kalisz; German invasion; fleeing with his group to Łódź, Warsaw, then returning home; Soviet occupation; attending a Jewish technical school; clandestine Hashomer activities led by Abba Kovner; German invasion in June 1941; anti-Jewish restrictions and killings; ghettoization; forced labor with his father unloading bags of cement, then on a farm; purchasing extra food; his mother's assignment to a glove factory, which initially exempted them from deportation; joining and living with the Jewish partisans (FPO); visiting his family daily; making Molotov cocktails and hiding smuggled weapons; Yiżḣak Wittenberg, head of the partisans, surrendering to prevent reprisals; and being chosen for a partisan group to escape to the forests.
Mr. K. recalls being ambushed; Yosef Glazman ordering their retreat to the forest; joining Fyodor Markov's Voroshilov partisan unit; reorganization of and moving to other units, including Nekamah; blowing up train tracks and communication networks in coordination with the Soviet military; an attack resulting in many deaths; assistance from a local woman; transferring German collaborators to the Soviets; liberation by Soviet troops; draft into the Soviet military; serving in Pastavy; meeting Haika Grossman; deserting rather than going to Germany; traveling to Warsaw, then Łódź; joining a Beriḥah group using Greek passports to travel to Graz, then Pontebba; being sent to Bari; smuggling weapons to Palestine; joining Abba Kovner's group planning revenge against Germany; traveling to Milan, then Munich dressed as British soldiers; disposing of poison when the plan could not be implemented; illegal emigration to Palestine via Marseille; interdiction by the British; and incarceration. Mr. K. notes regretting he never said goodbye to his family and names many of the partisans.