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Miriam Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3802)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3802

Videotape testimony of Miriam Z., who was born in Satu Mare, Romania in 1922, the youngest of six children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; leaving school after eighth grade to help her mother at home; Hungarian occupation; her brother's draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; her father's disbelief when a Polish refugee warned them to flee; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; ghettoization; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from her parents; remaining with her four sisters; seeing their father once when he delivered food; transfer with her sisters to Stutthof, then another camp two weeks later; assignment to work in the kitchen of an underground munitions factory; receiving Red Cross packages; brief hospitalization; her sister stealing food to share with her; a death march; abandonment by the Germans in Gogolin; assistance from Polish villagers; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Kraków; assistance from the Joint; returning home via Łódź and Czechoslovakia; reunion with her brother; marriage in 1946; her daughter's birth in 1947; and emigration to Israel in 1950. Ms. Z. notes it was unusual that all of her siblings survived, and never sharing her experiences with anyone, including her daughter.

Z., Miriam, 1922-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
October 26, 1995.
Satu Mare (Județ)
Satu Mare (Romania : Județ)
Kraków (Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Miriam Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3802). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.