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Tzvi I. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3808)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3808

Videotape testimony of Tzvi I., who was born in Lenin, Poland (presently Belarus) in 1923, one of seven children. He recounts his father's murder when he was two; their poverty and constant hunger; attending a Tarbut, then Polish school; leaving school to help support his family; one sister's emigration to Israel in 1931; one brother's draft into the Polish military; Soviet occupation; German invasion; his brother's return from a POW camp; slave labor constructing utility poles; sabotaging the work; public executions; the threat of mass killings if anyone escaped; deportation with his brother to Hancewicze; planning an escape after learning that Lenin's Jews had been killed; the plans not working, but escaping with a few others; learning the entire camp escaped while the guards remained in bunkers; finding his younger brother while seeking to join a partisan unit; being accepted after proving their courage; finding his older brother in the group; burning a barn with Germans in it and setting much of the village on fire; missions blowing up trains; capturing Germans; killing them with knives to avoid discovery; considering this revenge; physical debilitation due to poor nutrition; enlistment in the Soviet military; combat against Ukrainian Banderas; completing formal training; intense battles with Germans; being wounded; transfer to a hospital in Cheboksary; release from the military in April 1945; visiting Moscow; moving to Minsk; attending law school; marriage; and becoming a judge.

Author/Creator
I., Tzvi, 1923-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
November 16 and December 12, 1995.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tzvi I. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3808). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.