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Efraim S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3817)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3817

Videotape testimony of Efraim S., who was born in Poland in 1916, one of six children. He recounts attending cheder, then, briefly, a yeshiva in Ostrowiec; participating in Hechalutz; his uncle, father, and brother moving to Brussels for economic reasons; following in 1930; joining Hashomer Hatzair; printing a Yiddish paper; working with the Bund; German invasion; two brothers illegally emigrating to Switzerland to avoid deportation; printing underground newspapers; stealing ration cards to sell on the black market; refusing to register as Jews; marriage in 1942; hiding his younger sisters with non-Jews in a village; his mother's death due to illness; obtaining false papers; arrest in 1943; admitting he was a Jew; deportation to Malines; escaping with his wife from a deportation train; walking to Tongeren; assistance from a priest; traveling to Liège, then Brussels, with assistance from the underground; his wife having an abortion; obtaining new false papers; moving to Charleroi; the underground arranging a municipal job for his wife so she would not be deported for forced labor as a non-Jew; liberation by United States troops; reunion with his family in Brussels; his father and siblings emigrating to Israel; moving to Brazil in 1951; the births of two daughters; his father's death in 1959; and emigration to Israel in 1968. Mr. S. discusses attempting to find the informant who led to their arrest and Yad Vashem honoring the family who hid his aunt.

S., Efraim, 1916-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
December 8 and December 15, 1995.
Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski (Poland)
Brussels (Belgium)
Tongeren (Belgium)
Liège (Belgium)
Charleroi (Belgium)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Efraim S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3817). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.