Tzipora H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3831)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
- Interview Date
- July 25, August 9, and November 1 and 8, 1996.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Tzipora H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3831). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Tzipora H., who was born in Hrubieszów, Poland in 1933, the youngest of three children. She recounts starting school two weeks prior to the German invasion; brief Soviet occupation, then German return; a mass round-up, including her older brother; her father bribing a German to secure his release; having him smuggled to the Soviet zone; her parents' arrests; eviction from their home with her brother; living with an uncle; her parents' returns; ghettoization; her father's position on the Judenrat; building a bunker with other families; hiding with her family and others during round-ups; discover by Germans; escaping with her mother; joining her father and brother in a local work camp; hiding during the day (children were not permitted); her brother's murder in a mass killing; her parents' deportation; Fred O. helping her obtain a kitchen job; deportation to Budzyn with her aunt and cousin; public executions; her cousin sharing extra food; composing songs about camp life; their transfer to Majdanek; and slave labor in the laundry, then agricultural work.
Ms. H. tells of a death march; two escaped prisoners hiding her with a Polish farmer; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Lublin; placement in a Polish orphanage; visiting Hrubieszów with her father's friend; reporting the Polish family that had denounced her mother, an act of revenge; placement in a Red Cross orphanage in Lublin; transfer with the orphanage to Pieszyce; her aunt retrieving her; joining a Hashomer Hatzair kibbutz in Łódź; reunion with her uncle and brother; traveling illegally to Bratislava; living in Bad Reichenhall, then Jordanbad displaced persons camps; assistance from UNRRA; traveling to Bergen-Belsen DP camp; emigration to Palestine from Marseille; reunion with her aunt; and living on a kibbutz. Ms. H. discusses losing her belief in God due to her experiences; becoming an adult in camps despite her young age; nightmares resulting from her experiences; several visits to Poland with youth groups; and her daughter's death from cancer reinforcing her sense of abandonment by those she loves. She shows photographs.