Efraim F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3840)
Videotape testimony of Efraim F., who was born in Dubrovitsa, Poland (presently Ukraine) in 1922, the oldest of five children. He recounts attending a Tarbut school, then gymnasium in Rivne; participating in Hashomer Hatzair, Betar, and Mizrachi; Soviet occupation; interrogation by the NKVD due to his Zionist activities; German invasion; fleeing to Koret︠s︡ʹ; forced labor for the German army; returning to Rivne; forced labor clearing bombing rubble; a non-Jewish friend hiring him to tutor her children and giving him her husband's birth certificate; hiding in her attic during a mass killing in November 1941; living briefly with her relatives in a nearby village, then returning; her brother-in-law obtaining Polish identification papers for him; a brief encounter with his father; visiting his family in Dubrovitsa; visiting the ghetto in Rivne; Moshe Bergman, head of the Judenrat, suggesting he move to Kovelʹ; working as a translator at a train station; and traveling back and forth to Kiev to avoid capture.
Mr. F. describes picking the pocket of a soldier to obtain military papers; being injured in a partisan attack on a train to Dnipropetrovsʹk; hospitalization; transfer to Crimea; escaping to Mykolaïv, then Odesa; contact with the Soviet partisans; sabotaging a train; liberation by Soviet troops; joining a Polish military unit in Sumy; attending officer school in Lut︠s︡ʹk; serving in Warsaw, Poznań, Chełm, and Lublin; reunion with his brother; traveling to Vienna; living in Rothschild Hospital displaced persons camp; assistance from the Joint; visiting his sister in Moscow (she remained); teaching Hebrew at the displaced persons camp; emigration with his brother to Israel in 1948; serving in the Arab-Israel war; marriage in 1949; the births of two daughters; and his sister's eventual emigration to Israel. Mr. F. notes maintaining contact with the daughter of the woman who hid him in Rivne. He shows photographs, documents, and a yizkor book from his town.
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
- Interview Date
- August 8, 1996 and August 30, 1996.
Rivne (Rivnensʹka oblastʹ)
Rivne (Rivnensʹka oblastʹ, Ukraine)
Mykolaïv (Mykolaïvsʹka oblastʹ, Ukraine)
Chełm (Lublin, Poland)
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Efraim F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3840). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.