Elka F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3845)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
- Interview Date
- October 18, November 1, and November 22, 1996.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Elka F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3845). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Elka F., who was born in Ni︠a︡sviz︠h︡, Poland in 1920, the oldest of four children. She recalls meeting her future husband in 1932; participation in Hashomer Hatzair; Soviet occupation in September 1939; German invasion in June 1941; anti-Jewish harassment; forced labor; surviving a selection in October with her future husband and their families (almost all other Jews were killed); ghettoization with approximately 600 survivors; Magalif (head of the Judenrat) giving them permission to wed; marriage in February; Magalif discouraging people from escaping so the elderly and children would not be killed; hiding with her husband and father-in-law during the ghetto's liquidation (her family perished); and their escape to the forest.
Mrs. F. tells of assistance from non-Jews; joining the partisans; building a bunker; destroying factories and bombing railroad tracks; liaison with the Soviets; joining Shimon Zorin's unit and her father-in-law joining Tuvia Bielski's brigade; her husband's increased involvement in operations; German raids; Polish partisans killing Jews; becoming pregnant; liberation by Soviet troops in the Naliboki forest in July 1944; joining her father-in-law in Tuvia Bielski's brigade; their return to Ni︠a︡sviz︠h︡; her husband's participation in Soviet trials of collaborators; her son's birth in November; antisemitic violence; smuggling themselves to Berlin in 1946; living in refugee camps; assistance from UNRRA; her husband beginning to write a memoir; and emigration to Israel via Bari, Italy in 1949. Mrs. F. details ghetto and partisan life. She shows photographs and her husband's book, published shortly before his death in 1995.