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Helena G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3861) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Antalová

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3861

Videotape testimony of Helena G., who was born in Varín, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Slovakia) in 1913. She recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; her father's death; anti-Jewish measures after Slovak independence in 1939; forced evacuation from Varín; working in Žilina; former non-Jewish friends' hostility; transfer with her sister and mother to Poprad in March 1942; their return to Žilina; office work; volunteering for a transport to remain with her mother and sister; their deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; a privileged office position; using connections to place her mother in the hospital; her death followed by her sister's death; a Polish, non-Jewish prisoner helping her when she was sick; sharing food with friends; prisoners killing a Jewish collaborator; the death march to train transport in January 1945; arrival in Ravensbrück; train transfer days later to Malchow, then Leipzig; slave labor in a munitions factory; liberation by United States troops from a death march; traveling to Prague; hospitalization in Olomouc; staying with unsympathetic relatives in Bratislava one night; traveling to Žilina, then Varín; assistance from the local Catholic priest; and reunion with her surviving sister. Ms. G. discusses relations between ethnic and gender groups in camps, and reluctance of many to discuss prisoners' inhumanity to each other.

Author/Creator
G., Helena, 1913-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1996
Interview Date
January 17, 1996.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Helena G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3861). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.