Shlomo L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3867)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
- Interview Date
- November 7, 1996.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Shlomo L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3867). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Shlomo L., who was born in Kaunas, Lithuania in 1930, the older of two children. He recounts his family's affluence; attending a Jewish school; participation in Beitar; Soviet occupation; his father's workers testifying to protect their family from deportation as bourgeoisie; attending a Soviet school; German invasion in June 1941; hearing mass shootings from the Seventh Fort; ghettoization; his father's round-up in a mass killing of intelligentsia; public hangings; trading valuables for necessities; raising chickens and rabbits; playing soccer; attending concerts and shows; a selection and mass killing ono October 28, 1941 in which none of his family were taken; attending carpentry school in 1942, then assignment to a carpentry workshop due to family connections; disappearance of his grandmother, sister, and cousin in 1944 when he and his mother were at work; rumors they had been killed at the Ninth Fort; deportation with his mother, grandfather, aunt, and uncle to Stutthof in summer 1944; separation from his mother and aunt; and transfer to Kaufering, then Landsberg.
Mr. L. recalls separation from his uncle and grandfather when he was transferred to Dachau with 130 boys; transfer of the group two weeks later to Auschwitz/Birkenau; one boy escaping en route; slave labor pulling carts; assistance from Polish boys; a death march in January 1945, then train transfer to Mauthausen; witnessing cannibalism; a march to Gunskirchen; abandonment by the guards; assistance from the Red Cross; liberation by United States troops; traveling to a displaced persons camp in Munich; hospitalization for eight months; illegal emigration to Palestine in 1946 via Marseille; serving in the Palmah in the 1948 Arab-Israel war; training as an artillery officer; his military career; marriage in 1957; and the births of three children. Mr. L. discusses being the sole survivor of his family; groups relations in the camps; the importance to his survival of not feeling alone because he was with the boys from Kaunas; losing his belief in God seeing the religious being killed; chronic health problems due to his experiences; and an annual survivor gathering on October 28 commemorating the Kaunas mass killing. He shows photographs and documents.