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Shlomo L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3867)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3867

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    Videotape testimony of Shlomo L., who was born in Kaunas, Lithuania in 1930, the older of two children. He recounts his family's affluence; attending a Jewish school; participation in Betar; Soviet occupation; his father's workers testifying to protect their his from deportation as bourgeoisie; attending a Soviet school; German invasion in June 1941; hearing mass shootings from the Seventh Fort; ghettoization; his father's round-up in a mass killing of intelligentsia; public hangings; trading valuables for necessities; raising chickens and rabbits; playing soccer; attending concerts and shows; a selection and mass killing on October 28, 1941, in which none of his family were taken; attending carpentry school in 1942, then assignment to a carpentry workshop due to family connections; disappearance of his grandmother, sister, and cousin in 1944 when he and his mother were at work; rumors they had been killed at the Ninth Fort; deportation with his mother, grandfather, aunt, and uncle to Stutthof in summer 1944; separation from his mother and aunt; and transfer to Kaufering, then Landsberg.

    Mr. L. recalls separation from his uncle and grandfather when he was transferred to Dachau with 130 boys; transfer of the group two weeks later to Auschwitz/Birkenau; one boy escaping en route; slave labor pulling carts; assistance from Polish boys; a death march in January 1945, then train transfer to Mauthausen; witnessing cannibalism; a march to Gunskirchen; abandonment by the guards; assistance from the Red Cross; liberation by United States troops; traveling to a displaced persons camp in Munich; hospitalization for eight months; illegal emigration to Palestine in 1946 via Marseille; serving in the Palmaḥ in the 1948 Arab-Israel war; training as an artillery officer; his military career; marriage in 1957; and the births of three children. Mr. L. discusses being the sole survivor of his family; groups relations in the camps; the importance to his survival of not feeling alone because he was with the boys from Kaunas; losing his belief in God due to observing the killings of even the most religious Jews; chronic health problems due to his experiences; and an annual survivor gathering on October 28 commemorating the Kaunas mass killing. He shows photographs and documents.
    L., Shlomo, 1930-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
    Interview Date
    November 7, 1996.
    Kaunas (Lithuania)
    Munich (Germany)
    Marseille (France)
    Cite As
    Shlomo L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3867). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (10 hr., 52 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Soviet occupation.
    Mass killings.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Lithuania--Kaunas. Forced labor. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Death marches. Cannibalism. Refugee camps. Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949. Faith. Lithuania. Kaunas (Lithuania) Munich (Germany) Marseille (France) Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Oral histories (document genres) L., Shlomo,--1930- Betar. Stutthof (Concentration camp) Kaufering (Concentration camp) Landsberg (Concentration camp) Dachau (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Mauthausen (Concentration camp) Gunskirchen (Concentration camp) International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Palmaḥ.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:40:00
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