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Raymond H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3909)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3909

Videotape testimony of Raymond H., who was born in Strasbourg, France in 1919. He recounts the death of his older sister when he was one; the birth of another sister in 1922; his father's shoe business; attending religious and public schools; his bar mitzvah; apprenticing as a shoemaker in 1936; joining his father's business in 1937; orders to evacuate Strasbourg in 1938; moving to their summer home in Gérardmer with his parents, grandparents, and sister; his grandmother's death; he and his father selling shoes to local shops; German invasion on May 10, 1940 when he and his father were in Orléans; returning home; military draft; training in Le Barcarès, then in Pia; learning his family had moved to Montpellier; his grandfather's death; celebrating Jewish holidays with his family; demobilization in February 1941; attending classes on Judaism; a six-month internship in Nîmes to learn to make the soles of shoes; round-ups of non-French Jews in summer 1942; providing support to them in Agde, including the creation of false papers and aid in hiding; fleeing with his family to Perpignan when Germany entered southern France; returning to Montpellier, then Nîmes; obligatory marking of their identity cards as Jews; traveling to Italian-occupied Nice to help Jews in hiding and obtain matzahs for the Montpellier community; returning to Nice; working in a shoe factory; joining a Zionist group; helping coordinate cooperation among the French and Italian officials and the Jewish community to save Jews; German occupation in September; continuing Resistance activities to help Jews; traveling to Monte-Carlo to obtain funds; an assignment in Marseille; visiting his parents who were hiding in Aix-les-Bains; leaving his factory job in December 1943 to devote more time to Resistance activities; assistance from a local priest; members of his group killing those who denounced Jews; visiting his sister in Vichy; his uncle's arrest in spring 1944; his parents arranging to be smuggled to Switzerland; struggling to support many Jews in hiding; liberation; learning of extermination camps from returning Jews; and reunion with his sister and parents. Mr. H. names many with whom he was involved and shows photographs and documents.

Author/Creator
H., Raymond, 1919-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1998
Interview Date
January 14 and 22, 1998.
Locale
France
Strasbourg (France)
Gérardmer (France)
Orléans (France)
Le Barcarès (France)
Pia (France)
Montpellier (France)
Nîmes (France)
Agde (France)
Perpignan (France)
Nice (France)
Aix-les-Bains (France)
Monte-Carlo (Monaco)
Marseille (France)
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Raymond H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3909). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.