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Shmuel M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3913)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3913

Videotape testimony of Shmuel M., who was born in Stakčín, Hungary (presently Slovakia) in 1926, one of three children. He recounts his maternal grandparents living with them; attending public school and cheder; his bar mitzvah; attending gymnasium in Snina for three years; Hungary allying itself with Germany; deportation with his family to the Kolomyi︠a︡ ghetto; their transfer to Horodenka; arrest with her father while attempting to smuggle themselves to Slovakia; imprisonment in Sanok and Tarnów; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; slave labor hauling cement bags; his father being killed; being trained as a mason; a brief hospitalization; many deaths from exposure; the barrack secretary providing extra food and providing help when he was ill; frequent beatings; transfer to Mauthausen in open train cars; a Czech woman being shot for throwing them food; transfer to Melk, then Ebensee three months later; slave labor in an underground mine; liberation by United States troops; traveling to Hungary; reunion with an uncle; returning home; learning one sister had survived; joining her in Budapest; and emigration to Israel. Mr. M. discusses the “second class” status of survivors in Israel; sharing his experiences with his daughters; and his military career. He shows photographs and documents.

Author/Creator
M., Shmuel, 1926-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1998
Interview Date
January 15, 1998.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Shmuel M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3913). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.