Veronika S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3962) interviewed by Peter Salner and Sasa Kryslova
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1996
- Interview Date
- March 17, 1996.
- 3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Veronika S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3962). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Veronika S., who was born in Vráble, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1929, the middle of three children. She recalls celebrating Jewish holidays; Hungarian occupation in 1938; her father's six-month imprisonment for assisting Jews escaping from Slovakia; anti-Jewish restrictions; deportation to Levice, then Auschwitz/Birkenau in spring 1944; separation with her sister from her family; brutal conditions; a woman from her father's hometown giving them soap and a thermos, which saved their lives; transfer to a factory; slave labor; Italian male prisoners giving them food; a Jewish prisoner doctor helping her sister when she was ill; a German guard leaving extra food for her; cleaning rubble when the city was bombed; liberation from a death march by United States troops; returning home hoping to find their family (no one survived); living with a neighbor, then with relatives in Budapest; moving to Nitra; both she and her sister getting married; moving to Trenčin; her sister's emigration to Israel, with her husband and son; the births of a son and daughter; her daughter remaining in Israel after a visit; being denied permission to visit when her daughter was married and her grandchildren were born; her son's marriage to a Catholic; and a recent visit to Birkenau. Ms. S. discusses her strong bond with her sister and attributing their survival to chance and her sister's aid when she was ill.