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Shmuel G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3979) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Antalová

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3979

Videotape testimony of Shmuel G., who was born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1923, one of two children. He recalls attending a Jewish school, then a Slovak grammar and high school; joining Hashomer Hatzair; swimming competitively; anti-Jewish laws under the Slovak Republic; his sister's emigration to England; his father's death; forced labor in Ivanka pri Dunaji; visiting his mother weekly; incarceration in Sered; learning his mother was in hiding (she was deported in 1944 and killed); working in Štrbské Pleso; escaping; Hashomer contacts providing him with false papers; smuggling himself to Budapest; assistance from his uncle and Hashomer; German occupation in spring 1944; smuggling himself to Košice, then Prešov; obtaining new false papers; traveling from Nitra to Zemianske Kostoľany to join the Slovak uprising; retreating to Banská Bystrica; returning to Bratislava; incarceration in Sered in January 1945; his group obtaining weapons and false papers; escaping from an evacuation train; traveling to Trenčin; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Bratislava; organizing illegal emigration to Palestine with Hashomer; accompanying one group to Italy, then another to Belgium, then Marseille nine months later; illegal emigration to Palestine; British interdiction of the ship; incarceration on Cyprus for nine months; marriage; and the births of two children. Mr. G. notes that almost all his large, extended family were killed, including those in Budapest; contacts with Alois Brunner in Sered, including seeing him shoot a prisoner; and feeling totally empty after the war.

Author/Creator
G., Shmuel, 1923-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1997
Interview Date
January 31, 1997.
Locale
Slovakia
Czechoslovakia
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Ivanka pri Dunaji (Slovakia)
Štrbské Pleso (Slovakia)
Nitra (Slovakia)
Budapest (Hungary)
Košice (Slovakia)
Prešov (Slovakia)
Zemianske Kostol̕any (Slovakia)
Banská Bystrica (Slovakia)
Trenčín (Slovakia)
Palestine
Belgium
Marseille (France)
Cyprus
Italy
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Shmuel G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3979). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.