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Shmuel G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3979) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Antalová

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3979

Videotape testimony of Shmuel G., who was born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1923, one of two children. He recalls attending a Jewish school, then a Slovak grammar and high school; joining Hashomer Hatzair; swimming competitively; anti-Jewish laws under the Slovak Republic; his sister's emigration to England; his father's death; forced labor in Ivanka pri Dunaji; visiting his mother weekly; incarceration in Sered; learning his mother was in hiding (she was deported in 1944 and killed); working in Štrbské Pleso; escaping; Hashomer contacts providing him with false papers; smuggling himself to Budapest; assistance from his uncle and Hashomer; German occupation in spring 1944; smuggling himself to Košice, then Prešov; obtaining new false papers; traveling from Nitra to Zemianske Kostoľany to join the Slovak uprising; retreating to Banská Bystrica; returning to Bratislava; incarceration in Sered in January 1945; his group obtaining weapons and false papers; escaping from an evacuation train; traveling to Trenčin; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Bratislava; organizing illegal emigration to Palestine with Hashomer; accompanying one group to Italy, then another to Belgium, then Marseille nine months later; illegal emigration to Palestine; British interdiction of the ship; incarceration on Cyprus for nine months; marriage; and the births of two children. Mr. G. notes that almost all his large, extended family were killed, including those in Budapest; contacts with Alois Brunner in Sered, including seeing him shoot a prisoner; and feeling totally empty after the war.

Author/Creator
G., Shmuel, 1923-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1997
Interview Date
January 31, 1997.
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Shmuel G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3979). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.