Elena L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3991) interviewed by René Lužica and Milan Samko
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1998
- Interview Date
- August 29, 1998.
- 3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Elena L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3991). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Elena L., a Catholic Romani, who was born in Veľký Šariš, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1921. She recalls attending school until fifth grade; cordial relations with Jews and non-Romanies; working for a Jewish family; persecution of Jews and Romanies by Hlinka guards with the establishment of the Slovak state; observing Jews having to wear identifying marks and their deportation; destruction of Romani houses, including hers; anti-Romani restrictions; living in a hut in the woods; her child's death due to the harsh conditions; hiding from the Germans in a hole in the hut with her sisters, her mother, and her husband's friend; she and her husband assisting nomadic Romanies find shelter; liberation by Soviets; and improved conditions. Ms. L. discusses writing and staging a well-received play about her war experiences, and the importance of maintaining Romani culture.