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Maryla D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4018) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Frederique Nuthals,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4018

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    Videotape testimony of Maryla D., who was born in Będzin, Poland in 1919, the elder of two children. She recounts attending a secular private high school; Vladimir Jabotinsky visiting their home; participating in Noʻar ha-Tsiyoni; increasing antisemitism in the 1930s; German invasion; working for the Judenrat; ghettoization; delivering weapons for the ghetto underground; visiting an aunt in the Sosnowiec ghetto; a German warning her of her brother's imminent arrest; hiding him; hiding in a bunker with others; capture; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in August 1943; starvation; slave labor sorting clothing; contracting typhus; a German saving her from selection; assignment as a translator for Dr. Josef Mengele; slave labor building barracks; friends obtaining medicine for her; a death march and train transfer to Ravensbrück; receiving food from a Polish woman; transfer to Malchow; agricultural slave labor; punishment for insulting a guard; a forced march to Finkenwerder; abandonment by German guards; liberation by Soviet troops; escaping from a Soviet soldier's rape attempt; traveling with a group to Waren; marriage to a survivor; returning home; traveling to Germany; working in a displaced persons camp; emigration to Belgium; and her daughter's birth. Ms. D. discusses learning her brother did not survive; relations among prisoner groups in camps; her will to live despite thoughts of suicide; difficulties “coming back from the dead” after the war; not sharing her experiences for some time; visiting Auschwitz five years ago, then speaking in schools and on several visits to Auschwitz; her daughters' refusal to accompany her there; and an emotional chance encounter with a Ravensbrück survivor she had saved.
    D., Maryla, 1919-
    Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
    Interview Date
    November 13 and December 6, 1995.
    Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie)
    Będzin (Poland)
    Finkenwerder (Hamburg, Germany)
    Waren (Germany)
    Cite As
    Maryla D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4018). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Rosenfeldt, Michel, interviewer.
    Nuthals, Frederique, interviewer.
    This testimony is in French.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    2 videorecordings (5 hr., 3 min. and 2 hr., 23 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Postwar effects.
    Postwar experiences.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Jews--Poland--Będzin. Jewish ghettos. Forced labor. Jewish councils. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Poland. Jews--Poland--Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie) Death marches. Refugee camps. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Concentration camp inmates--Family relationships. Poland. Będzin (Poland) Finkenwerder (Hamburg, Germany) Waren (Germany) Oral histories (document genres) D., Maryla,--1919- Jabotinsky, Vladimir,--1880-1940. Mengele, Josef,--1911-1979. Noʻar ha-Tsiyoni (Organization) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Ravensbrück (Concentration camp) Malchow (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:42:00
    This page:

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