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Maryla D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4018) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Frederique Nuthals

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4018

Videotape testimony of Maryla D., who was born in Będzin, Poland in 1919, the elder of two children. She recounts attending a secular private high school; Vladimir Jabotinsky visiting their home; participating in Noʻar ha-Tsiyoni; increasing antisemitism in the 1930s; German invasion; working for the Judenrat; ghettoization; delivering weapons for the ghetto underground; visiting an aunt in the Sosnowiec ghetto; a German warning her of her brother's imminent arrest; hiding him; hiding in a bunker with others; capture; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in August 1943; starvation; slave labor sorting clothing; contracting typhus; a German saving her from selection; assignment as a translator for Dr. Josef Mengele; slave labor building barracks; friends obtaining medicine for her; a death march and train transfer to Ravensbrück; receiving food from a Polish woman; transfer to Malchow; agricultural slave labor; punishment for insulting a guard; a forced march to Finkenwerder; abandonment by German guards; liberation by Soviet troops; escaping from a Soviet soldier's rape attempt; traveling with a group to Waren; marriage to a survivor; returning home; traveling to Germany; working in a displaced persons camp; emigration to Belgium; and her daughter's birth. Ms. D. discusses learning her brother did not survive; relations among prisoner groups in camps; her will to live despite thoughts of suicide; difficulties “coming back from the dead” after the war; not sharing her experiences for some time; visiting Auschwitz five years ago, then speaking in schools and on several visits to Auschwitz; her daughters' refusal to accompany her there; and an emotional chance encounter with a Ravensbrück survivor she had saved.

Author/Creator
D., Maryla, 1919-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
Interview Date
November 13 and December 6, 1995.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Maryla D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4018). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4585695
Record last modified: 2016-11-28 10:45:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4585695