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Clara G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4021) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Massimo Ianetta

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4021

Videotape testimony of Clara G., who was born in Rhodes in 1923, the youngest of six children. She recalls cordial relations with non-Jews in a multi-cultural environment; attending Catholic school; emigration of three older siblings; implementation of anti-Jewish laws by the Italian fascists in 1938; expulsion from school; German invasion in 1943; deportation with her siblings, parents, and grandmother to Auschwitz/Birkenau via Athens in July 1944; remaining with one sister (she never saw the others again); difficulties because they did not understand German; assistance from prisoners from Salonica; meaningless slave labor; her sister's illness and selection from the hospital; resolving to survive to tell her family's story; learning some Yiddish; staying close to other Rhodians; difficult relations with eastern European Jews; transfer to several camps including Landsberg; losing her faith in God; public hangings; a death march; liberation by United States troops; recovering in Munich and Innsbruck; exposure of SS men hiding as survivors; other survivors beating them; moving to Rome; hearing from her sisters and brother who had emigrated; working for UNRRA; marriage to a Rhodian; joining her brother in the Congo (Zaire) in 1947; and living in Israel from 1966, then Belgium from 1976.
Ms. G. discusses survivors who have never shared their experiences, in spite of having written of them after liberation; pessimism about the future; and sharing her story because she is one of the only camp survivors from Rhodes.

Author/Creator
G., Clara, 1923-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
Interview Date
June 28, 1995.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Clara G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4021). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.