Clara G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4021) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Massimo Ianetta
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
- Interview Date
- June 28, 1995.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Clara G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4021). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Clara G., who was born in Rhodes in 1923, the youngest of six children. She recalls cordial relations with non-Jews in a multi-cultural environment; attending Catholic school; emigration of three older siblings; implementation of anti-Jewish laws by the Italian fascists in 1938; expulsion from school; German invasion in 1943; deportation with her siblings, parents, and grandmother to Auschwitz/Birkenau via Athens in July 1944; remaining with one sister (she never saw the others again); difficulties because they did not understand German; assistance from prisoners from Salonica; meaningless slave labor; her sister's illness and selection from the hospital; resolving to survive to tell her family's story; learning some Yiddish; staying close to other Rhodians; difficult relations with eastern European Jews; transfer to several camps including Landsberg; losing her faith in God; public hangings; a death march; liberation by United States troops; recovering in Munich and Innsbruck; exposure of SS men hiding as survivors; other survivors beating them; moving to Rome; hearing from her sisters and brother who had emigrated; working for UNRRA; marriage to a Rhodian; joining her brother in the Congo (Zaire) in 1947; and living in Israel from 1966, then Belgium from 1976.
Ms. G. discusses survivors who have never shared their experiences, in spite of having written of them after liberation; pessimism about the future; and sharing her story because she is one of the only camp survivors from Rhodes.