Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Paule M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4030) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Yannis Thanassekos,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4030

Videotape testimony of Paule M., a non-Jew, who was born in I︠E︡nakii︠e︡ve, Russia (presently Ukraine) in 1912. She recounts being in Russia due to her father's employment; her brother's birth; fleeing to the Kola Peninsula during the revolution; her brother's death; moving to England for a year, then Isbergues, France; her sister's birth; moving to Beverwijk; attending a Dutch school; moving to Uccle in 1924; completing university in 1934; becoming a professor of German literature; traveling with her sister in Germany in 1934; observing antisemitic signs; sheltering German refugees; German invasion in May 1940; joining the Front de l'indépendance; hiding Jews, partisans, and illegal refugees; hiding in Wezembeek; arrest in Beerse in summer 1943; interrogation at Avenue Louise; incarceration in St. Gilles; deportation to Essen, Mesum, then Kreuzberg; a trial in Gross Strehlitz; a two-year prison sentence; transfer to Oppeln, then Dessau; volunteering to harvest crops; clandestinely taking vegetables to share with fellow prisoners; sabotaging work assignments; observing Soviet prisoners of war in abysmal conditions; encountering a British POW who sent a letter to her family; escaping with friends; liberation by United States troops; assistance from the Red Cross; working as an interpreter for the U.S. military in Bebra; traveling with a friend to her home in France; her father's arrival; returning home with him; and resuming her teaching position. Ms. M. discusses initially sharing her experiences, then reluctance to do so until recently, and receiving a prisoner of war pension.

M., Paule, 1912-
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
Interview Date
October 4, 1995.
I︠E︡nakii︠e︡ve (Ukraine)
Kola Peninsula (Russia)
Isbergues (France)
Beverwijk (Netherlands)
Uccle (Belgium)
Beerse (Belgium)
Wezembeek-Oppem (Belgium)
Bebra (Hesse, Germany)
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Paule M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4030). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.