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Paule M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4030) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Yannis Thanassekos,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4030

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Paule M., a non-Jew, who was born in I︠E︡nakii︠e︡ve, Russia (presently Ukraine) in 1912. She recounts being in Russia due to her father's employment; her brother's birth; fleeing to the Kola Peninsula during the revolution; her brother's death; moving to England for a year, then Isbergues, France; her sister's birth; moving to Beverwijk; attending a Dutch school; moving to Uccle in 1924; completing university in 1934; becoming a professor of German literature; traveling with her sister in Germany in 1934; observing antisemitic signs; sheltering German refugees; German invasion in May 1940; joining the Front de l'indépendance; hiding Jews, partisans, and illegal refugees; hiding in Wezembeek; arrest in Beerse in summer 1943; interrogation at Avenue Louise; incarceration in St. Gilles; deportation to Essen, Mesum, then Kreuzberg; a trial in Gross Strehlitz; a two-year prison sentence; transfer to Oppeln, then Dessau; volunteering to harvest crops; clandestinely taking vegetables to share with fellow prisoners; sabotaging work assignments; observing Soviet prisoners of war in abysmal conditions; encountering a British POW who sent a letter to her family; escaping with friends; liberation by United States troops; assistance from the Red Cross; working as an interpreter for the U.S. military in Bebra; traveling with a friend to her home in France; her father's arrival; returning home with him; and resuming her teaching position. Ms. M. discusses initially sharing her experiences, then reluctance to do so until recently, and receiving a prisoner of war pension.
    Author/Creator
    M., Paule, 1912-
    Published
    Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
    Interview Date
    October 4, 1995.
    Locale
    Belgium
    Russia
    I︠E︡nakii︠e︡ve (Ukraine)
    Kola Peninsula (Russia)
    Isbergues (France)
    Beverwijk (Netherlands)
    Uccle (Belgium)
    Beerse (Belgium)
    Wezembeek-Oppem (Belgium)
    Bebra (Hesse, Germany)
    Cite As
    Paule M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4030). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Thanassekos, Yannis, interviewer.
    Rosenfeldt, Michel, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in French.

    Physical Details

    Language
    French
    Copies
    2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (4 hr., 36 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Rescuers.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Partisans.
    Hiding.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4655584
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:40:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4655584

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