Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Theo Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4084) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Nina Toussaint

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4084

Videotape testimony of Theo Z., who was born in Kovelʹ, Poland (presently Ukraine) in 1923, the younger of two siblings. He recounts moving to Brussels in 1929; attending public school; cordial relations with non-Jews; learning tailoring from his father after completing high school; German invasion; fleeing to Revel; delivering to customers in Toulouse; briefly being drafted into the French army in Bressuire; returning to Brussels; anti-Jewish restrictions; briefly hiding; deportation to Malines in August 1942; transport the next day to Cosel, Ottmuth, then Kleinmangersdorf; slave labor constructing roads; keeping a journal; encountering French prisoners of war; transfer to Babitz in December; pervasive deaths; receiving extra food from kitchen workers; hospitalization; transfer to another camp; recovering with help from two French-Jewish prisoner doctors; transfer to Gross Sarne, then Ludwigsdorf in March 1943; slave labor in a munitions factory and unloading coal; a German civilian worker leaving him extra food; a weekly assignment burying the dead; transfer to Faulbrück, then Reichenback (Sportschule) and Langenbielau; finding cheese at a nearby farm and sharing it with others; transfer to Gross-Rosen in November 1944; confiscation of his journal; a public hanging; train transfer to Hersbruck; hospitalization; a death march to Dachau; identifying himself as a Belgian non-Jew, resulting in better conditions and receiving Red Cross packages; liberation by United States troops; repatriation to Brussels via Liège; reunion with his sister (she had been in hiding); recuperating in Andenne; starting a business with another survivor; and marriage in 1953. Mr. Z. discusses learning his parents had both been deported and did not survive; the camp hierarchies; the importance of the hope of seeing his father and help from others to his survival; continuing belief in God despite being assimilated; non-deportees not believing what he had experienced; sharing his experiences with his wife and children; continuing nightmares and hostility toward Germans and Poles.

Author/Creator
Z., Theo, 1923-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996
Interview Date
November 13 and December 11, 1996.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Theo Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4084). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Expand all
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4677224
Record last modified: 2016-11-08 13:41:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4677224