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Jozef C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4222) interviewed by Ingrid Antalová and René Lužica

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4222

Videotape testimony of Jozef C., a Catholic Romani, who was born in Kurima, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Slovakia) in 1916, one of three children. He recounts moving to Dubinné in 1918 when his father returned from the war; his mother's death when he was five; attending school to age eight; cordial relations with locals, including Jews; working as a musician and in the textile trade; discrimination beginning with the formation of the Slovak state; observing deportation of Jews; enlistment in the military in 1939; serving in Spišská Nová Ves, three months in Žilina, and six months in Ružomberok; animosity from HIinka guards; strictly obeying all orders, knowing Romanies had no rights; expulsion of Jews and Romanies from the military; marriage in 1942; his daughter's birth; Germans raping local women; his wife hiding in a river; fleeing with his daughter to hide in the woods; all of them living in the woods; pursuit by Germans and Hlinka guards; liberation by Soviet troops in March 1945; being chosen for political training; and working as a Romany representative.

Author/Creator
C., Jozef, 1916-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 2000
Interview Date
August 21, 2000.
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Jozef C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4222). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.