Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Etta S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4239) interviewed by Joanne Weiner Rudof and Sara Moss Herz,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4239

Videotape testimony of Etta S. who was born in Miskolc, Hungary in 1921. She recalls her father's work for the Jewish community; his scholarliness and extensive library; attending a private Jewish school; apprenticing at a fashion salon in Miskolc, then Budapest, and at the same time, attending a private city college and Jewish student organized classes (MIEFHOE); German invasion in March 1944; a death march to Innsbruck, then train transfer to Ravensbrück; the humiliation of having her head shaved; a veteran prisoner advising her; slave labor in a Siemens factory; losing her faith in God; having to stand naked for a seemingly endless roll call (appell) on Christmas Eve; transfer to Burgau, Turkheim, then Allach; illness; a shrapnel wound; liberation by United States troops; surgery by U.S. doctors; returning home; learning her parents and four siblings had perished; traveling to Budapest; living in Feldafing displaced persons camp; working as an UNRRA translator in Feldafing and Fürth; meeting her future husband; an emotional Passover seder; emigration to the United States; and raising two sons who attended Harvard and Yale. Ms. S. discusses difficulty sharing her story; continuing nightmares; and her granddaughter's death in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, which further eroded her belief in God.

S., Etta, 1921-
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 2002
Interview Date
December 2, 2002.
Miskolc (Hungary)
Budapest (Hungary)
Innsbruck (Austria)
3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Etta S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4239). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.