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Alexander B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4119)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4119

Videotape testimony of Alexander B., who was born in Lučenec, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Slovakia) in 1914, the youngest of three brothers. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; working as an accountant; annexation by Hungary in 1938; moving with his parents to Budapest in 1939; draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion in 1941; deportation to the Pestlőrinc ghetto, then Kőszeg; hard labor and harsh treatment; transfer to the Romanian border three months later to destroy bunkers, to another location to build roads, then back to Budapest to build river embankments in III. Kerület; hospitalization for three weeks; visits from his family; returning to his platoon; road building in Osijek; release in November 1941 due to his age; returning to Budapest; redraft for slave labor in November 1942; assignment to a textile factory in Budapest; living at home; German occupation in March 1944; transfer to a steel factory in Diósgyőr; Allied bombings; brief hospitalization in Miskolc; walking to Budapest in September, then toward Austria; German soldiers commanding them to construct dugouts; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to a Joint facility in Szeged, then back to Budapest; visiting his surviving brother; returning to Lučenec in 1947; moving to Bratislava; marriage in 1949, and working as an accountant for the Jewish community. Mr. B. notes while he was in forced labor receiving a letter from a Christian neighbor informing him his parents had been deported to Auschwitz (he never heard from them again) and one brother's death in a concentration camp.

Author/Creator
B., Alexander, 1914-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1997
Interview Date
February 15, 1997.
Locale
Hungary
Budapest
Austria
Lučenec (Slovakia)
Budapest (Hungary)
Kőszeg (Hungary)
III. Kerület (Budapest, Hungary)
Osijek (Croatia)
Diósgyőr (Miskolc, Hungary)
Miskolc (Hungary)
Szeged (Hungary)
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS submaster; Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Alexander B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4119). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.