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Tania R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4259) interviewed by Sara Moss Herz and Helen Katz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4259

Videotape testimony of Tania R., who was born in Vilna, Poland, in 1928. She recounts living in Smorgonʹ; her family's affluence; childhood antisemitic harassment; attending a Tarbut school; Soviet occupation in September 1939; expropriation of their home and business; German invasion in June 1941; fleeing east; staying with relatives in Lebedevo; returning with her mother and sister to Smorgonʹ; her mother's return to Lebedevo, then to Smorgonʹ with her brother (her father had been killed); ghettoization; slave labor in a German officer's home; the Judenrat's refusal to supply lists for the Germans (her uncle was a member); transfer with a cousin to Žiežmariai; slave labor doing road construction; her sister's arrival; return to the ghetto in December; transfer with her mother and brother to the Šiauliai ghetto, then Žiežmariai in March 1943, then to the Kovno ghetto in summer 1943; factory slave labor with her sister; hiding during a round-up in fall 1943; a mass killing in March 1944, including her nine year old brother; transfer to a camp via Tilset; slave labor digging anti-tank trenches; a death march to Praust in January 1945; assistance from her mother and sister when she was ill; liberation by Soviet troops in March; traveling to Łódź; assistance leaving Poland from Beriḥah; living in Pocking and Heidenheim displaced persons camps; working as a teacher; joining Mizrachi, and being transferred to the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp.
Ms. R. describes teaching at Bergen-Belsen; the leadership of Josef Rosensaft and Sam Bloch; her sister's emigration to Israel; her mother joining her in Belsen; marriage in January 1949; her son's birth in December; emigrating to the United States in 1950; assistance from HIAS; her second son's birth in 1954; bringing her mother from Germany in 1955; her teaching career; and speaking about her experiences in schools. Ms. R. notes a German officer who assisted her; the importance of being with her mother and sister; and her continuing belief in God. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
R., Tania, 1928-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 2003
Interview Date
August 20, 2003.
Locale
Belarus
Smarhonʹ
Lithuania
Šiauliai
Kaunas
Poland
Vilnius (Lithuania)
Smarhonʹ (Belarus)
Lebedzeva (Belarus)
Tilsit (Germany)
Sovetsk (Kaliningradskai︠a︡ oblastʹ, Russia)
Łódź (Poland)
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: DVCam master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tania R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4259). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/6467630
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:32:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt6467630