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Helen B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4321) interviewed by Joanne Weiner Rudof and Sara Moss Herz,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4321

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Helen B., who was born in in 1923 in Łódź, Poland, one of four sisters. She recalls her family's affluence and modernity; their enthusiasm for opera and dancing; German invasion; deportation with her family to Dębica; moving to Radom; living with an aunt; all of them contracting typhus; ghettoization; forced labor outside the ghetto; her mother's deportation; hiding when her work group was deported; smuggling herself back to the ghetto; marriage; deportation with her family to Majdanek in January 1944; transfer with two sisters to Płaszów in March; a prisoner doctor performing an abortion to save her from selection for death; assistance from Polish civilian workers; transfer with her husband, sisters, and father to Wieliczka in August, then to Auschwitz a few weeks later; separation from her father, husband, and one sister; meeting Rella W. during transfer with one sister to Mühlhausen; slave labor in a munitions factory; dancing and singing to raise prisoner morale; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in winter 1945; Rella W. recovering her stolen shoes; receiving extra food from a friend; cannibalism of Russian POWs; encouraging her sister when she lost her will to live; liberation by British troops; transfer to the displaced persons camp; reunion with her husband and two sisters; living in the Stuttgart displaced persons camp; and emigration to the United States in April 1948. Ms. B. discusses her nervous breakdown when she learned how her father had been killed; her husband's lifelong depression resulting from the Holocaust; relations between ethnic groups in camps; and her continuing love of music and dance. She shows photographs.
    Author/Creator
    B., Helen, 1923-
    Published
    New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 2004
    Interview Date
    August 27, 2004.
    Locale
    Poland
    Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
    Germany
    Łódź (Poland)
    Dębica (Województwo Podkarpackie, Poland)
    Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
    Cite As
    Helen B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4321). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Rudof, Joanne Weiner, interviewer.
    Herz, Sara Moss, interviewer.
    Notes
    Related material: Rella W. Holocaust testimony [friend](HVT-4320). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    3 copies: DVCam master; Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 35 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Marriage in Jewish ghettos.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar effects.
    Postwar experiences.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie) Forced labor. Escapes. Husband and wife. Sisters. Abortion. Fathers and daughters. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Concentration camps--Songs and music. Cannibalism. Prisoners of war--Germany. Refugee camps. Poland. Łódź (Poland) Dębica (Województwo Podkarpackie, Poland) Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland) Oral histories (document genres) B., Helen,--1923- Majdanek (Concentration camp) Wieliczka (Concentration camp) Płaszów (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp) DP-Camp Bergen-Belsen.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/6697029
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:29:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt6697029

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