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Clementine U. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4300) interviewed by Rik Hemmerijckx,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4300

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Clementine U., a Catholic, who was born in Hasselt, Belgium in 1914, the youngest of six children. She recalls working in an office from age sixteen to nineteen; marriage in 1924; the births of a daughter and son in 1936 and 1937; her husband's mobilization in 1940; German invasion; fleeing with her family to Harelbeke; returning home; her husband's return; his immediate work for the resistance; traveling to Brussels to obtain resistance flyers; working with a network to shelter Allied pilots and send them forward; obtaining ration cards and identity papers for them; arrest with her husband on June 18, 1943; imprisonment in Assen and St. Giles; a death sentence from a Luftwaffe court; separation from her husband upon transfer to Frankfurt on November 15; incarceration in Ziegenhain, then Cottbus; hospitalization; a nurse providing her with extra food; transfer to Ravensbrück; the birth of a child whom they hid; witnessesing a woman being stomped to death; transfer in January 1945 to Mauthausen; a privileged job cleaning SS offices; evacuation in April by the Swedish Red Cross; repatriation via Annecy and Lyon; reunion with her children on May 1; and learning her husband had been killed. Ms. U. discusses the humiliation in camps; attributing her survival to strong bonds among prisoners and the hope of seeing her husband; attending mass in St. Giles and Cottbus in order to meet friends; not sharing her story with her children until they were older; continuing nightmares; and participation in survivor groups, including speaking to classes and trips to the camps. She shows her camp number and triangle.
    Author/Creator
    U., Clementine, 1914-
    Published
    Hasselt, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 2002
    Interview Date
    February 25, 2002.
    Locale
    Belgium
    Hasselt (Belgium)
    Harelbeke (Belgium)
    Brussels (Belgium)
    Annecy (France)
    Lyon (France)
    Cite As
    Clementine U. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4300). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Hemmerijckx, Rik, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Dutch.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Dutch
    Copies
    2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 35 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Husband Death.
    Mutual aid.
    Childbirth in concentration camps.
    Postwar experiences.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Postwar effects.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/6709348
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:53:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt6709348

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