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Ilona T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4329) interviewed by Lawrence L. Langer and Barbara Hadley Katz,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4329

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Ilona T., who was born in 1926 in Czechoslovakia, one of seven children. She notes her town had twenty-five Jewish families; cordial relations with non-Jews; her mother's death when she was nine; her father's loving care; Hungarian occupation in 1939; increasing anti-Jewish restrictions; German occupation in spring 1944; deportation to Irshava, then a week later to the Munkács ghetto; her father giving his food to her and her siblings; deportation to Auschwitz three weeks later; separation from her father and brothers upon arrival (she never saw them again); remaining with her two sisters and a cousin; transfer to Płaszów; slave labor; a kind kapo; threats of punishment from the camp commander; transfer to Auschwitz three months later; helping one sister stand during appell; constantly discussing their father and brothers; transfer three weeks later to Neustadt; slave labor in a weaving factory; Wehrmacht guards leaving them extra food; her sister Lilly saving several other prisoners; a death march in January 1945; being carried by her sisters; arrival in Gross-Rosen; train transport to Bergen-Belsen; encountering two cousins from Budapest; all of them getting typhus; not allowing their cousin to be taken out of the barrack; liberation by British troops; transfer to Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp, then Celle; a long recuperation; registering for emigration to the United States to join their sister; marriage; and emigration to the U.S. with assistance from the Joint. Ms. T. discusses establishing her life and working hard to provide her children with advantages she never had. She shows photographs.
    Author/Creator
    T., Ilona, 1926-
    Published
    New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 2005
    Interview Date
    March 31, 2005.
    Locale
    Ukraine
    Mukacheve
    Irshava (Ukraine)
    Czechoslovakia
    Celle (Germany)
    Cite As
    Ilona T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4329). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Langer, Lawrence L., interviewer.
    Katz, Barbara Hadley, interviewer.
    Notes
    Related material: Lilly S. Holocaust testimony [cousin] (HVT-4328). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Lilly F. Holocaust testimony [sister] (HVT-4327). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Eva S. Holocaust testimony [sister] (HVT-4330). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    3 copies: DVCam Master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 14 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/7113821
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:28:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt7113821

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