Howard K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4339) interviewed by Dana L. Kline
- New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 2005
- Interview Date
- July 20, 2005.
- 3 copies: DVCam master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Howard K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4339). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Howard K., who was born in Tarnów, Poland in 1925, one of five children in a Hasidic family. He recounts attending cheder; beatings en route to public school; his sister's emigration to Palestine in 1937; his bar mitzvah; the family move to Kraków; German invasion; anti-Jewish violence; transfer to Wieliczka; living with relatives for about a year; a mass round-up (he never saw his parents and siblings again); transfer to Płaszów; slave labor laying railroad tracks; transfer to the Kraków ghetto in fall 1942; return to Płaszów; slave labor in a cable factory; assistance from Polish co-workers; sharing food he smuggled with fellow prisoners; a public hanging; transfer to live in the factory; privileged work for the factory manager; transfer back to Płaszów in November 1944; train transport two weeks later to Flossenbürg; a high death rate due to cold, sickness, and starvation; assignment to a tank factory; Allied bombings; a death march to Litoměřice, then Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; hospitalization; returning to Wieliczka; anti-Jewish violence; moving to Augsburg; emigration in 1949 to join relatives in the United States; marriage; and the births of three children. Mr. K. discusses losing hope after liberation; visiting his sister in Israel; and reluctance to share his experiences until now. He shows photographs.