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Anne-Marie R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-248) interviewed by Susanna Neuman and Gloria Demby

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-248

Videotape testimony of Anne-Marie R., who was born in Krefeld, Germany in 1925. She describes her assimilated family who had lived in Germany since 1630; moving to Mannheim; friendships with non-Jews; being beaten by other children after school and being helped by her non-Jewish friends; moving to Switzerland because her mother had tuberculosis; her mother's death in 1938; moving to Holland with her stepfather and maternal grandmother; and the German invasion when her stepfather was in Brazil. She recalls moving to Bussum; attending a public school for one year; having to wear a star and not being allowed to attend school; her grandmother's decision to go into hiding; being hidden by the underground with a family in central Holland; her grandmother being hidden in an insane asylum; her two years in hiding; sometimes hiding in a camouflaged foxhole or traveling to Friesland during German raids; a false report of liberation during which she ventured outdoors and was subsequently denounced; escaping and rejoining her grandmother; conditions of extreme hunger; joyous liberation by Canadian soldiers; resuming life with her grandmother in Holland; and their emigration to the United States. Mrs. R. relates her gratitude to those who saved her and admiration for their courage; the state of terror in which she lived during the war years; incidents of Dutch underground activities; and discussing her experiences with her children.

Author/Creator
R., Anne-Marie, 1925-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1984
Interview Date
March 3, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Anne-Marie R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-248). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.