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Julius O. Holocaust testimony (HVT-949) interviewed by Emanuel Landau and Peggy Morton

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-949

Videotape testimony of Julius O., who was born in Kisvárda, Hungary in 1920. Mr. O. relates his happy childhood in a family of seven children; his first experience with antisemitism through a Polish priest's speech in 1938, after which their lives changed; three months in a Hungarian labor battalion; deportation with his family; arrival at Birkenau on June 2, 1944; his and a brother's selection for a work group and his family's for gassing; transfer to Auschwitz after eight days; being tattooed; and the dehumanizing conditions. He describes being selected with other strong men and isolated in Barrack 9 with twenty-one others; the medical experiments performed on them to ascertain how much pain they could tolerate; transfer to Dachau; liberation by the Americans; return to Kisvárda in the hope of finding his brother; learning of his brother's death; emigration to the United States to live with his one surviving sister; his marriage and family; and his continuing practice and belief in orthodox Judaism. Mr. O. discusses the importance of his religious beliefs and practices to his survival; his recent visit to Auschwitz; and never having discussed his experiences with his children. He also states that he never told anyone he was a subject for medical experiments, in order not to upset them, and he shows the scars he bears as a result of these experiments.

Author/Creator
O., Julius, 1920-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1987
Interview Date
November 8, 1987.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Julius O. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-949). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.