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Bernard E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-289) interviewed by Gabriele Schiff and Miriam Forman,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-289

Videotape testimony of Bernard E., who was born in Berlin, Germany in 1925. He recounts his father's World War I service; his family's prosperous business; attending public school; restrictions in the 1930s which eased in 1936 during the Olympics; his father's deportation to Zba̜szyń; Crystal Night; his bar mitzvah in December 1938 and his father's letter to him then; his father's return in July 1939; and the family's move to Sambor in August. Mr. E. relates the outbreak of war; Russian occupation; German invasion on June 22, 1941; and mass murders of Jews immediately following. He describes being hidden by a Polish woman in her attic from which he and his father witnessed Jews digging their own graves; ghettoization; repairing bicycles for the Germans which supported his family; hiding with others during a round-up; their discovery; separation from his mother, siblings and family whom he never saw again; his father's assignment to another work detail and subsequent death; and transfers to Drohobych, Płaszów, Auschwitz, Mauthausen, and Linz, where he was liberated by Americans in May 1945. He recalls transfer to Sweden for recovery; and returning to Germany in 1967 to testify at a war crimes trial. In this unusually detailed testimony Mr. E. reflects upon the brutalities he witnessed and his hopes and doubts that the world might learn something.

Author/Creator
E., Bernard, 1925-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1984
Interview Date
June 24, 1984.
Locale
Poland
Sambor
Germany
Berlin (Germany)
Drohobych (Ukraine)
Boryslav (Ukraine)
Sambor (Poland)
Linz (Austria)
Zbąszyń (Poland)
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bernard E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-289). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.